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24 Geo. J. on Poverty L. & Pol'y 161 (2016-2017)
Expanding Access to Medicines and Promoting Innovation: A Practical Approach

handle is hein.journals/geojpovlp24 and id is 168 raw text is: 


                  Georgetown Journal on Poverty Law and Policy
                     Volume  XXIV, Number  2, Winter 2017


                             ARTICLES


    Expanding Access to Medicines and Promoting
                              Innovation:
                       A  Practical Approach

                             Quentin  A. Palfrey*

                             TABLE  OF CONTENTS
I. INTRODUCTION                             .............................................. 162
II. PATENTS,  ACCESS,  AND  INCENTIVES                  ......................... 166
III. DIFFERENTIAL  PRICING                        ...................................... 169
   A. Inter-Country  Differential Pricing                  .................... 169
   B. Intra-Country  Differential Pricing                  .................... 171
   C. Challenges  to Effective Intra-Country  Differential Pricing........... 172
      1. Physical Arbitrage                           ................................ 172
      2. Information Arbitrage     ................    ....   .............. 175
      3. 3D Printing: A Potential Game-Changer? ................ 180
IV. VOLUNTARY LICENSING             ...............................  ...... 182
   A. Design  Choices  and  Other Variants  of Voluntary  Licensing  ......... 185
      1. Scope of License         ................................. 185
      2. Market Definition          ..........................         ...... 188
      3. Relationship Between   Licensor  and Licensee  ........     ........ 189
   B. Non-Assert  Declarations        ............................... 191
   C. Donation  of Research,  Patents, and  Medicines  .......       ......... 192

     Quentin A. Palfrey is co-Director of Global Access in Action, a project of the Berkman Klein
Center for Internet & Society at Harvard University. Palfrey also serves as Executive Director of J-PAL
North America at MIT. From 2011-2013, Palfrey was Senior Advisor for Jobs & Competitiveness at
the White House Office of Science & Technology Policy. Prof. William Fisher and Prof. Mark Wu
contributed significantly to the drafting and editing of the paper. Several research assistants played a
major role in writing and researching this paper, including Cherie Lynn Ramirez, Molly McDonough,
Katherine Geddes, Adriana Benedict, Danielle Ridout, Amanda Brown-Inz, and Kerstin Noelle
Vokinger. A special thanks is extended to the participants of the Global Access in Action, June 13,
2016 Insights in Action workshop for generously sharing their feedback and recommendations
regarding an earlier draft of this paper. Global Access in Action would like to offer thanks to the
National Foreign Trade Council Foundation for its financial support for this project. © 2017, Quentin
A. Palfrey.


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