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17 Geo. J.L. & Pub. Pol'y 829 (2019)
Is Corporate Responsibility Relevant to Artificial Intelligence Responsibility

handle is hein.journals/geojlap17 and id is 845 raw text is: 


   Is Corporate Responsibility Relevant to Artificial
                 Intelligence Responsibility?

             VIKRAM R. BHARGAVA*   AND MANUEL  VELASQUEZ**

                                ABSTRACT
  Several theorists have suggested that it is possible to understand and eluci-
date the moral  responsibility of artificial intelligence (AI) agents by using
the notion of corporate moral responsibility as a model. We argue that there
are differences between corporations and AI agents that make the notion of cor-
porate moral responsibility an inappropriate model for AI agent moral respon-
sibility. We discuss both the moral arguments  that purport to show  that
corporations should or should not be held morally responsible, and the meta-
physical arguments that purport to show that a corporation is the kind of entity
that can be held morally responsible. We show that these arguments either are
wrong or are inapplicable in the context of AI agents.


                           TABLE OF CONTENTS
INTRODUCTION  ............................................ 830

  1. THE  MORAL  REASONS  FOR (AND AGAINST) HOLDING
     CORPORATIONS   RESPONSIBLE ARE NOT  RELEVANT  TO Al AGENT
     RESPONSIBILITY ....................................... 833

     A.   Moral Reasons Theorists Offer for Holding Corporate Agents
          Responsible ......................................      834
          1.  The Responsibility Deficits Reason.................    834
          2.  The Perverse Incentive Reason ....................     835
          3.  The Quasi-Deterrent Reason......................       835

      B.  Moral Reasons Theorists Have Offered Against Holding
          Corporate Agents Responsible ........................   837
          1.  The Harming  Innocents Objection .................     837
          2.  Individual Wrongdoers are Off the Hook.............    837
          3.  No Deterrent to Future Wrongdoings ...............     838


  * Assistant Professor of Management & Entrepreneurship, Leavey School of Business, Santa Clara
University.
  ** The Charles J. Dirksen Professor of Business Ethics, Department of Management &
Entrepreneurship, Leavey School of Business, Santa Clara University. 0 2019, Vikram R. Bhargava and
Manuel Velasquez.


829

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