9 Geo. Immigr. L.J. 1 (1995)
Religion and the Immigration and Nationality Act: Using Old Saws on New Bones

handle is hein.journals/geoimlj9 and id is 11 raw text is: ARTICLES
RELIGION AND THE IMMIGRATION AND
NATIONALITY ACT: USING OLD SAWS ON NEW
BONES
ENID TRUCIOS-HAYNES*
[T]he universal doctrine teaches that all the visible structures of
the world-all things and beings-are the effects of a ubiquitous
power out of which they rise, which supports and fills them during
the period of their manifestation and back into which they must
ultimately dissolve. This is the power known to science as energy,
to the Melanesians as mana, to the Sioux Indians as wakonda, the
Hindus as shakti, and the Christians as the power of God. Its
manifestation in the psyche is termed, by the psychoanalysts,
libido. And its manifestation in the cosmos is the structure and flux
of the universe itself.'
I.  INTRODUCTION
The Immigration and Nationality Act of 1990 (1990 Act)2 fundamen-
tally altered the system for the admission of religious functionaries into
the United States. It created an uniform system for the admission of a
wide range of religious functionaries as lawful permanent resident
immigrants and as temporary nonimmigrants. The Immigration and
. Assistant Professor of Law, University of Louisville, School of Law. B.A., City University
of New York, Queens College, 1983; J.D., Stanford University, 1986. The Author practiced
immigration and nationality law for five years prior to her current position. Special thanks to
Ray K. Haynes for his critical support and review of earlier drafts, and to Professor Cedric
Merlin Powell, Kathleen Pakes, and Michael Casey.
1. JOSEPH CAMPBELL, THE HERO WITH A THOUSAND FACES 257-58 (2d ed. 1968) (citations
omitted).
2. Immigration Act of 1990, Pub. L. No. 101-649, 104 Stat. 4978(1990) (amending scattered
sections of 8 U.S.C.) [hereinafter 1990 Act]. The Immigration and Nationality Act (INA) and
related statutes, as well as the courts and administrative entities in rendering decisions, refer to
foreign nationals as aliens. The Author has used the term foreign national and has made
such substitutions in quotations from the INA and other primary sources as noted throughout
this Article.

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