12 Frontiers L. China 1 (2017)

handle is hein.journals/frolch12 and id is 1 raw text is: 




                  FRONTIERS OF LAW IN CHINA
VOL. 12                             MARCH  2017                               NO. 1
                           DOI  10.3868/s050-006-017-0001-2

                                    FOCUS

            PUBLIC  PARTICIPATION   IN ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION


                                 EDITOR'S   NOTE


                                    ZHUXiao*


    Environmental rights are considered to be a fundamental theory of environmental law.
However,  environmental rights are complex issues, and each environmental law scholar
has different interpretations of environmental rights. In fact, the theory of environmental
rights originated in the Western developed countries. In the 1960's and 1970's, with the
emergence  of environmental problems, Western countries have successively carried out a
series of environmental  movements,   fighting for clean air, water, and a  healthy
environment.  During  this period, environmental scholars focused on  the study  of
substantive environmental rights. However, after the 1980's, scholars began to focus on
procedural environmental rights research based on environmental information disclosure.
More  and more procedural environmental rights are being discussed and scrutinized, such
as rights to public participation and judicial relief To understand the reasons for this shift
and the development of procedural environmental rights, three articles discuss this issue
from different perspectives.
    Professor ZHU  Xiao, from  School of Law, Renmin  University of China, explains
reasons for changes of focus of environmental rights research in his article Development
of Environmental  Rights in China:  Substantive Environmental Rights  or Procedural
Environmental Rights. Firstly, this article summarizes the development of environmental
rights theory in  China.  Then, the  author  discusses the dilemma   of substantive
environmental  rights research in Western countries and China  respectively, and the
reasons why  scholars turn to the study of procedural environmental rights. Finally, the
article summarizes  the  achievements  of  research  and  legislation of procedural
environment  rights in China, and makes a prospect of the future research direction of
environmental rights in China.
    Professor Hans Petter Graver, from Faculty of Law, University of Oslo, authored


    (*  A)  Ph.D. in Enviromnental Law, School of Law, Renmin University of China, Beijing,
China; Professor in Environmental Law, School of Law, Renmiin University of China, Beijing 100872, China.
Contact: x.zhu)ruc.edu.cn

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