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9 Free World 39 (1945)
Genocide - A Modern Crime

handle is hein.journals/freewrld9 and id is 341 raw text is: 


                            A Modern Crime



4t       NE of the great mistakes of 1918
          was to spare the civil life of the
          enemy countries, for it is neces-
          sary for us Germans to be always
at least double the numbers of the peoples
of the contiguous countries. We are there-
fore obliged to destroy at least a third of
their inhabitants. The only means is or-
ganized underfeeding which  in this case
is better than machine guns.
  The speaker was Marshal von Rundstedt
addressing the Reich War Academy in Ber-
lin in 1943. He was only aping the Fuehrer,
who  had said, Natural instincts bid all
living human  beings not merely conquer
their enemies but also destroy them. In for-
mer days it was the victor's prerogative to
destroy tribes, entire peoples.
  Hitler was right. The crime of the Reich
in wantonly and  deliberately wiping out
whole peoples is not utterly new in the
world. It is only new in the civilized world
as we have come to think of it. It is so new
in the traditions of civilized man that he
has no name for it.
  It is for this reason that I took the lib-
erty of inventing the word,  genocide.
The  term is from the Greek  word genos
meaning  tribe or race and the Latin cide
meaning    killing. Genocide   tragically
enough  must take its place in the diction-
ary of the future beside other tragic words
like homicide  and  infanticide. As Von
Rundstedt has suggested the term does not
necessarily signify mass killings although it
may  mean  that. More often it refers to a
coordinated plan aimed  at destruction of
the essential foundations of the life of na-

   International premeditated  murder,
   as planned  and.practiced against the
   peoples  of Europe  by  Hitler, must
   be  brought within the scope and ju-
   risdiction  of  future international
   law.  This is a major problem facing
            the coming   world.

tional groups so that these groups wither
and  die like plants that have suffered a
blight. The end may  be accomplished by
the forced disintegration of political and
social institutions, of the culture of the
people, of their language, their national
feelings and their religion. It may be ac-
complished by wiping out all basis of per-
sonal security, liberty, health and dignity.
When   these means fail the machine gun
can always be utilized as a last resort. Geno-
cide is directed against a national group as
an entity and the attack on individuals is
only secondary to the annihilation of the
national group to which they belong.
  Such  terms  as denationalization or
Germanization which have been used till
now  do  not adequately convey  the full
force of the new phenomenon of genocide.
They  signify only the substitution of the
national pattern of the oppressor for the
original national pattern but not the de-
struction of the biological and physical
structure of the oppressed group.

       Philosophy   of Genocide

GERMANY has transformed an ancient
barbarity into a principle of government
by dignifying genocide as a sacred purpose
of the German  people. National Socialism
is the doctrine of the biological superiority
of the German people. Long before the war
nazi  leaders were unblushingly announc-


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