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43 Fordham Urb. L.J. 539 (2016)
Stops and Stares: Street Stops, Surveillance, and Race in the New Policing

handle is hein.journals/frdurb43 and id is 557 raw text is: 


 JeffreyFagan,** AnthonyA.   Braga,**  RodK   Brunson,**   andApril

   The  use of proactive tactics to disrupt criminal activities, such as
 Terry  street stops  and  concentrated   misdemeanor arrests, are
 essential to the new policing. This model applies complex metrics,
 strong management,  and  aggressive enforcement  and surveillance to
 focus policing on high crime  risk persons and  places.  The  tactics
 endemic to the newpolicinggave   rise in the 1990s to popular, legal,
political, and social science concerns about  disparate treatment  of
minority groups  in their everyday encounters  with law enforcement.
Empirical  evidence showed   that minorities were indeed stopped and
arrested more  frequently  than similarly situated Whites, even when
controlling for local social and crime conditions. In this Article, we
examine  racial disparities under a unique configuration of the street
stop  prong  of  the  new  policing-the   inclusion of non-contact

This research was conducted at the joint request of the Boston Police Department
and the ACLU   of Massachusetts. The Boston Police Department generously
provided the data on its encounters with citizens as well as data on crime and arrests
and police officers in the City of Boston. We thank Police Commissioner William
Evans, former Commissioner Edward Davis, former Chief of Staff Sharon Hanson,
and the staff of the Boston Regional Intelligence Center. At the ACLU of
Massachusetts, John Reinstein helped create the collaboration that made possible
this research. Carol Rose and Matthew Segal of the ACLU also contributed to the
project. All opinions are solely ours and do not reflect the views of the Boston Police
Department or the ACLU.
  Isidor and Seville Sulzbacher Professor of Law and Professor of Epidemiology,
Columbia University
   Distinguished Professor and Director of the School of Criminology and Criminal
Justice, Northeastern University
   Professor and Dean of the School of Criminal Justice at Rutgers University
   Associate Professor of Criminal Justice and Criminology at University of
Massachusetts, Lowell


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