36 Fordham Urb. L.J. 603 (2009)
Public Interest Litigation: Insights from Theory and Practice

handle is hein.journals/frdurb36 and id is 611 raw text is: PUBLIC INTEREST LITIGATION: INSIGHTS
FROM THEORY AND PRACTICE
Scott L. Cummings* & Deborah L. Rhodet
Introduction     ............................................................................................... 604
I. Law    and Social Change ....................................................................... 606
A.    Litigation and Its Discontents .................................................. 606
B.    Beyond Critique: The Pragmatic Turn in Law                 and Social
C hange    Scholarship    ................................................................. 608
1.  L aw    as  Politics ................................................................... 609
2. Relative Efficacy ............................................................... 612
3. Opportunities and Constraints ........................................... 613
C.    Lessons for Contemporary Public Interest Litigation .............. 615
1. Litigation Integrated with Political Mobilization .............. 615
2. Litigation Across Diverse Practice Sites ........................... 619
a.   L egal  Services   ............................................................. 620
b.   Pro  B  ono  ...................................................................... 62 1
c.   Private Public Interest Law         Firms ............................... 623
d.   Law    School Clinics ..................................................... 625
II.  Strategic   Philanthropy    ........................................................................ 628
A.    The Strategic Giving Framework ............................................ 628
1. The Rationale for Strategic Frameworks ........................... 628
2. The Strategic Process ......................................................... 629
3. The Challenges for Strategic Philanthropy ........................ 632
4. Responding to the Challenges ............................................ 636
B.    Lessons for Lawyers ................................................................ 637
1. Pro Bono Contributions ..................................................... 639
a.   The Extent of Pro Bono Work ..................................... 639
b.   The Rationale for Greater Pro Bono Involvement ...... 640
c.   Large Law      Firms: Opportunities for Influence ........... 641
d.   Challenges and Constraints ......................................... 643
2. Public Interest Organizations ............................................. 646
* Professor of Law, UCLA School of Law.
t Ernest W. McFarland Professor of Law, Director, Center on the Legal Profession, Stanford
University. The comments of Paul Brest and William Simon are gratefully acknowledged.

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