13 Fordham Intell. Prop. Media & Ent. L.J. 495 (2002-2003)
Far from the Finish Line: Transsexualism and Athletic Competition

handle is hein.journals/frdipm13 and id is 505 raw text is: ARTICLES
Far from the Finish Line:
Transsexualism and Athletic
Competition
Jill Pilgrim*
David Martint
Will Binderl
IN TRODUCTION    ............................................................................. 496
I.  OVERVIEW: DEFINING THE PLAYING FIELD ............................ 497
A. Distinguishing Gender from Sex ...................................... 497
B. Understanding Transgender Identity ............................... 499
1. Cross-Dressers or Transvestites ................................. 500
2. Transgendered Individuals ......................................... 500
3. Intersexed Individuals or Hermaphrodites ................. 504
C. Sex Verification Testing ................................................... 508
1. The History of Sex Testing in the Olympic
C om m unity  ................................................................ 509
2. Current IOC and International and National Sports
Federations' Policies on Sex Testing ......................... 511
3. When Transsexualism and Sex Verification Testing
Collide: Richards v. United States Tennis
A ssociation  ................................................................. 513
General Counsel/Director of Business Affairs, USA Track & Field, Inc. B.A.,
Princeton University, 1980; J.D., Columbia School of Law, 1984.
t   Emeritus Regents' Professor of Health Sciences, Georgia State University and Chair,
Sport Science Subcommittee, USA Track & Field, Inc.
B.S., B.A., Miami University in Oxford, Ohio, 1998; J.D., Tulane Law School, 2002.
The authors would like to thank Kimberly Clark for her extensive research assistance and
valuable feedback during the writing process. We would also like to thank Michele
Fuqua and Michelle Dumaresq for their valuable assistance.

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