39 Fletcher F. World Aff. 1 (2015)

handle is hein.journals/forwa39 and id is 1 raw text is: THE
2014 was an eventful and in many ways difficult year for students of inter-
national affairs. The world lurched from one crisis to another with devastating
consequences. War contributed to the largest flow of forced displacement since
World War II-over 50 million people. The rise of Islamic State in Iraq and Syria
(ISIS) created a grim new reality for millions of Syrians and Iraqis, while authori-
tarian regimes across the Middle East continued to reverse the gains of the Arab
Spring for many. Vladimir Putin's annexation of Crimea cast a long, haunting
shadow over Ukraine and the rest of Europe. Clashes between China and its
neighbors in the East and South China Seas raised fears of regional war, and
brought into question America's willingness to exercise its military capability in
the region. Ebola ravaged Western Africa and sparked fears of a global pandemic.
The first part of this Winter 2015 issue reviews the events that defined
2014, and examines the complex set of decisions required to manage these crises.
The second part of this issue takes on an entirely different time horizon. These
remaining articles seek to answer how the crises of today will define tomorrow's
international order.
In the opening piece of this issue's first section, JUSTUS REID WEINER
investigates the recent prisoner exchange for U.S. Army Sergeant Bowe Bergdahl
and presents a number of confounding questions for U.S. diplomats: Do we
negotiate with terrorists? If so, what price do we place on human lives? And what
can we learn from the experiences of our allies, who have successfully negotiated
the release of a number of their citizens taken hostage by ISIS in Syria?
With the overall success of the Arab Spring still very much in doubt,
MARK GREEN and HALLAM FERGUSON look to settle a broader yet
equally controversial question facing the Middle East today: is Islam compat-
ible with democracy? Pointing to recent electoral successes in Indonesia, Tunisia,
Afghanistan, and Pakistan, the authors argue that Islam is actually experiencing
a long-term expansion of democracy, despite the turmoil that dominates our
news. Shifting focus to the Pacific, EIRIK TORSVOLL offers a blueprint for
containing and deterring the brewing military conflict between China and the
United States. Addressing one of the deadliest epidemics of our time, NAVEEN

VOL. 39:1 WINTER 20 15

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