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95 Foreign Aff. 139 (2016)
Human Work in the Robotic Future: Policy for the Age of Automation

handle is hein.journals/fora95 and id is 819 raw text is: 





Human Work in the

Robotic Future


Policy for the Age of Automation

Andrew McAfee and Erik Brynjolfsson

he promises of science fiction are quickly becoming workaday

        realities. Cars and trucks are starting to drive themselves in
        normal traffic. Machines have begun to understand our
speech, figure out what we want, and satisfy our requests. They have
learned to write clean prose, generate novel scientific hypotheses (that
are supported by later research), compose evocative music, and beat
us, quite literally, at our own games: chess, poker, and even go.
   This technological surge is just getting started, and there's much
 more to come. For one thing, the fundamental building blocks that
 launched it will continue to improve rapidly. The costs of processing,
 memory, bandwidth, sensors, and storage continue to fall exponentially.
 Cloud computing will make all these resources available on demand
 across the world. Digital data will become only more pervasive, letting
 us run experiments, test theories, and learn at an ever-greater scale.
 And the billions of humans around the world are growing increasingly
 connected; they're not only tapping into the world's knowledge (much
 of which is available for free) but also expanding and remixing it. This
 means that the global population of innovators, entrepreneurs, and
 geeks is growing quickly and, with it, the potential for breakthroughs.
   Most important, humanity has recently become much better at
 building machines that can figure things out on their own. By studying
 ANDREW MCAFEE is Principal Research Scientist at the MIT Sloan School of Manage-
 ment and Co-Founder of MIT's Initiative on the Digital Economy.
 ERIK BRYNJOLFSSON is Schussel Family Professor of Management Science at the MIT
 Sloan School of Management, Co-Founder of MIT's Initiative on the Digital Economy, and
 Chair of the MIT Sloan Management Review.
 They are the authors of The Second Machine Age: Work, Progress, and Prosperity in a Time
 of Brilliant Technologies.


July/August 2016 139

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