55 Foreign Aff. 97 (1976-1977)
Canada: The New Nationalism

handle is hein.journals/fora55 and id is 99 raw text is: CANADA: THE NEW NATIONALISM
By Abraham Rotstein
FOR as long as most people can remember, a glance
out of the corner of one's eye to the upper half of
North America would bring warm reassurance that
things were moving quietly and gracefully some-
where in the world. Alphonse and Gaston could in-
variably be heard out there bowing and scraping, and
toasting their long undefended border. Today, official
devotees of this stately two-step are still meeting and
greeting, but few take the old shuffle at face value. In-
stead, private conversations in directors' board rooms, in expensive
lunch clubs, in government cafeterias and in faculty lounges have a
distinctly worried and wary undertone.
These are not merely the nervous Nellies (American-style), or the
bleeding hearts (Canadian-style). Bad consciences do exist about this
overdeveloped and one-sided intimacy that has grown up between the
two countries, but that, as everyone knows, is not the stuff of politics.
It is not conscience and sentiment which are beginning to interfere
with the work-a-day world of gas and oil and the purchase and sale of
branch plants, but a new and distinct phase of Canadian nationalism.
Despite recent appearances, this nationalism is still frail and, con-
sidering the circumstances, a belated arrival on the political scene.
The editor of an eminent American publication put the crucial ques-
tion in a recent visit. Why, he wanted to know, is there so little
nationalism in Canada? It was clear that he knew the background
very well. On the economic side, 58 percent of the manufacturing
sector is in foreign hands as are 61 of the largest 102 corporations in
the manufacturing, resources and utility fields. Seventy-five percent
of the capital employed in our oil and natural gas industry is foreign
controlled and 52 percent of the trade union movement takes orders
of one sort or another from American head offices.
On the cultural side the situation is no better. About half of the
university professors in the humanities and social sciences are non-
Canadian. Foreign magazines account for 8S percent of the total mag-
azine circulation; Canada still does not have its own national news
weekly; foreign books (those not authored by Canadians) form 83
Abraham Rotstein teaches in the Department of Political Economy at the Uni-
versity of Toronto and is one of the editors of Getting It Back, A Program for
Canadian Independence, sponsored by the Committee for an Independent Canada.

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