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16 Foreign Pol'y Bull. 3 (2006)

handle is hein.journals/fnpbt16 and id is 1 raw text is: Iraq
Iraq Holds National Assembly Elections,
U.S. Embroiled in Shooting Incident of Italian Citizens

Excerpts of Remarks by
Secretary of State Powell,
January 2, 20051
Secretary Colin L. Powell was
interviewed on NBC's Meet the Press
with Tim Russert.
Q. Before we talk about Iraq and Mid-
dle East, I want to show our viewers a
website from the State Department,
www.state.gov-you can find out about
the welfare of American citizens who
may have been affected by the tsunami,
but also it provides links to all kinds of
charitable organizations where our
viewers can make their own contribu-
In terms of Iraq, Mr. Secretary, why
didn't our government follow the Pow-
ell Doctrine in Iraq, using overwhelm-
ing force in order to win that war and
win the peace?
Secretary Powell. Well, at the begin-
ning of the operation, I mean, those were
heavy armored forces that went into Iraq
and rather swiftly defeated the Iraqi army,
what remnants were left. And you saw a
very successful execution of the initial
The challenge came afterward when we
did not sense the growing insurgency and
we were not able to anticipate how bad
the insurgency would become and then
put forces against it. But we audible
these things and we make changes, and
what my military colleagues have done is
they have gone back up in size in terms of
the number of U.S. forces that are there,
back up to 150,000. We were supposed to

be much lower.
But the real solution is not just more
U.S. or coalition forces. The real solution
will be increasing the size and capability
of Iraqi forces military forces, National
Guard forces and police forces in order
to dominate the communities and to domi-
nate the ground so that insurgents do not
get a free rid.
But we are dealing with a difficult
insurgency, but even in the midst of this
insurgency the people of Iraq have made it
clear they want to vote.
They want to vote on the 30th of Janu-
ary. I talked to Ambassador Negroponte in
Baghdad just a little bit before coming to
your show this morning, Tim, and he says
that they are moving forward toward this
election on the 30th of January. And even
in the Sunni areas, where people are being
threatened, people are coming out to reg-
ister. People know that this is their chance
to decide how they will be led.
And they are not inclined toward this
kind of violence and these insurgents.
These insurgents have to be defeated. And
we should not expect that even with a suc-
cessful election the insurgency will be
over. It will continue and they will have to
be defeated. Why? Because they don't
want democracy, they don't want the Iraqi
people to decide how they will be led.
They want to go back to tyranny and ter-
ror and threatening of neighbors, and that
can't be allowed to happen.
Q. In light of the fact that the insur-
gency is as formidable as it is, that we
did not find weapons of mass destruc-
tion, and, in fact, the Iraqis may choose
a government that is much closer, more
sympathetic to Iran than certainly Sad-

dam Hussein was, knowing those
things, would you recommend going to
war now?
Secretary Powell. We went to war
because of the fact that the President was
presented: one, that the considered judg-
ment of the intelligence community was
that there were weapons of mass destruc-
tion; intention, which no doubt there was;
capability to develop such weapons; a lot
of unanswered questions over a period of
12 years; the absence of inspectors for
five years; and a belief on the part of the
intelligence community of the United
States and other nations that there were
stockpiles of such weapons; and there was
a terrorist background to this organization,
this regime, and 12 years of ignoring UN
resolutions. So I think the President made
the correct choice in light of the factors
that existed at that time.
Now, what we haven't found are the
weapons of mass destruction, the stock-
piles. The capability and intent were there.
But what we have to do now is look for-
ward and have a successful election, allow
the Iraqi people to decide. The Saddam
Hussein regime is gone, just as the Taliban
regime in Afghanistan is gone, and we've
gotten rid of two terrible dictatorships.
And what we have to do in 2005 is to
build democracy.
Now, Iranian Shiite thinking and Iraqi
Shiite thinking are quite different. They're
two different groups. And the new govern-
ment that comes into place in Baghdad,
the Transitional National Assembly, will
be majority Shia. That's the majority of
the population. But the Transitional
Administrative Law under which it's being
held will protect the rights of the Kurdish

Foreign Policy Bulletin  3

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