27 Fla. J. Int'l L. 1 (2015)
Nuclear Chain Reaction: Why Economic Sanctions Are Not Worth the Public Costs

handle is hein.journals/fjil27 and id is 7 raw text is: 



       NUCLEAR CHAIN REACTION: WHY ECONOMIC
     SANCTIONS ARE NOT WORTH THE PUBLIC COSTS


                    Nicholas Colby Watson Wolfe*


I.    IN TRO DUCTION ............................................................................... 1

II.  THE LEGAL FOUNDATION OF ECONOMIC SANCTIONS ................. 3
     A. The Purposes of Economic Sanctions ................................. 4
     B. The Legality of Economic Sanctions .................................... 6

III. THE PUBLIC COSTS OF ECONOMIC SANCTIONS IN GENERAL ........... 9
     A. The Public Costs to the United States as a Sending State ....... 9
     B. The Humanitarian Costs to the Target State's Public ..... 12

IV. THE CASE OF ECONOMIC SANCTIONS ON IRAN ......................... 14
     A. The Interim Nuclear Agreement ......................................... 14
     B. Economic Sanctions Are Mistakenly Credited With
     M otivating Iran to Negotiate ................................................... 15
     C. The Economic Costs to the United States Caused by the
     Imposition of Economic Sanctions on the
     Islamic Republic of Iran ..........................................................  18
     D. The Humanitarian Costs to the Iranian Public .................. 19

V .  CONCLUSION   .............................................................................  21


   The conventional wisdom is often wrong.' -Steven D. Levitt


                         I. INTRODUCTION

   In October 2013, U.S. Secretary of State John F. Kerry wrote a
scathing argument in Foreign Policy decrying Syrian President Bashar
al-Assad's use of starvation as a weapon of war.2

    *  Juris Doctor, Hamline University School of Law, May 2015. Bachelor of Arts in
Reconciliation Studies, Bethel University, December 2011. 1 would like to thank my friends and
family for their edits and their support during law school. Particularly, I would like to thank Steve
Wolfe, Teresa Wolfe, Nate Wolfe, Jamie Wolfe, Idona Wolfe, Micah Duke, Katie Cherrier, and
Lynn Cherrier for their help during my writing process.
     1. STEVEN D. LEVITT & STEPHEN J. DUBNER, FREAKONOMICS: A ROGUE ECONOMIST
EXPLORES THE HIDDEN SIDE OF EVERYTHING 13 (2005).
    2. John F. Kerry, Assad's War of Starvation, FOREIGN POL'Y (Oct. 25 2013).
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