26 Fla. J. Int'l L. 531 (2014)
Unable to Return in the 1951 Refugee Convention: Stateless Refugees and Climate Change

handle is hein.journals/fjil26 and id is 551 raw text is: 



             UNABLE TO RETURN IN THE 1951
   REFUGEE CONVENTION: STATELESS REFUGEES AND
                      CLIMATE CHANGE


              Heather Alexander* & Jonathan Simon**



I.   INTRODUCTION  ........................................................................... 532

II.  THE ORDINARY MEANING OF 1 (A)(2) ......................................... 538

III. THE OBJECT AND PURPOSE OF I(A)(2) ....................................... 544
     A. The Standard Interpretation  ................................................ 544
     B. The Object and Purpose of the 1951 Convention ................ 547
     C. The Subjective Approach and the Drafting History ............. 549
     D. Displaced Persons and Refugees
        Before the 1951 Convention ................................................. 551
     E. The Drafting of the 1951 Convention .................................. 552
     F.  Unable to  Return. ............................................................ 556

IV.  STATE PRACTICE AND SUBSEQUENT
     MODIFICATION OF THE 1951 CONVENTION ................................. 562

V .  SUBM ERGED STATES ................................................................... 571

V I. C ONCLUSION ............................................................................... 573




   A [stateless person] does not need to show a well-founded fear of
   being persecuted upon his eventual return .... [he] need only
   substantiate that he is unable to return to the country in question,
   in order to win recognition as a refugee.
   - Atle Grahl-MadsenI





   * Heather Alexander, J.D., Tilburg University.
   ** Jonathan Simon, Ph.D., Tulane University.
   1. ATLE GRAHL-MADSEN, THE STATUS OF REFUGEES IN INTERNATIONAL LAW 261 (A.W.
Sijthoff 1966).

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