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8 Feminist Criminology 3 (2013)

handle is hein.journals/femcrim8 and id is 1 raw text is: 



                                                                  Feminist Criminology
                                                                          8(1) 3-19
The     Intersectional                                            @TheAuthor(s) 2013
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Alternative: Explaining                                 Sagepub.com/journalspermissions.nav
                                                          DOI: 10.1177/1557085112445304
Female        Crim     inality                                       fcxsagepubcom
                                                                       OSAGE


April   Bernard'



Abstract
Using an  intersectional approach, this analysis seeks to provide an explanation of
female criminality that is grounded in an intimate understanding of the multiplicative,
overlapping, and cumulative effects of the simultaneous intersections of systems of
oppression emanating from power structures that uniquely shape their life experiences.
The concept of doing identity is introduced to describe the unique attempts of individuals,
particularly marginalized women, to navigate through power structures and multiple
systems of oppression that shape their life experiences.A case study exploring factors
contributing to one woman's  decision to engage in criminal activity as a means of
doing identity is also presented.


Keywords
feminist criminology, intersectionality, matrix of domination, doing identity


Introduction
Female  criminality has been explained from a variety of feminist perspectives; mar-
ginalization from conventional institutions, disrupted family and personal relation-
ships, and institutionalized racism, sexism, and economic disadvantage have all been
explored as explanations for the involvement of women in crime (Broidy & Agnew,
1997; Chesney-Lind,  1986, 1997; Daly & Chesney-Lind,  1988; Owen, 1998; Ritchie,
2004). Marginalized women   involved in crimes tend to be young, poor, non-white,
high school dropouts, unmarried mothers, un-/under-employed  and educated, with a
history of drug problems, family violence, and sexual abuse. The vulnerabilities that


'The University of the West Indies-Cave Hill, Bridgetown, Barbados,West Indies

Corresponding Author:
April Bernard, The University of the West Indies-Cave Hill, Faculty of Social Sciences, Bridgetown, 00000,
Barbados, West Indies.
Email: abernardbz@yahoo.com

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