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5 Feminist Criminology 3 (2010)

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                                                                    Feminist Criminology
                                                                             5(1) 3-7
Editorial                                                       @2010 SAGE Publications
                                                         Reprints and permission: http://www.
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                                                           DOI: 10.1 177/1557085 109358488
                                                                    http://fc.sagepub.com
                                                                         $SAGE


Welcome   to this issue of Feminist Criminology. This issue contains four diverse arti-
cles all of which focus, to some degree, on factors associated with committing crime
and/or deviance. All of the authors also discuss the gendered nature of involvement in
delinquency, deviance, and crime.
   The first article by Jamie Vaske and Krista Gehring examines whether the relation-
ship between  depression and  delinquency is similar for both adolescent males and
females. As  the authors note, depression  and delinquency  are correlated in most
research, especially for girls. In addition, research shows that girls are more likely than
boys to experience depression. It is not clear, however, how gender affects other medi-
ating variables that also may be associated with delinquency. For example, research
suggests that depression may result in delinquency because youth fail to acknowledge
the consequences  of their behavior, withdraw from social activities, experience rejec-
tion by their peers, or use drugs or alcohol to mediate the effects of their depression. It
is not clear whether there are significant gender differences in these types of variables
that ultimately affect the nature of the relationships between gender, depression, and
delinquency.  Vaske  and  Gehring  used  data from  the  Children of  the National
Longitudinal  Survey of Youth to examine  the potential mechanisms  underlying the
depression-crime  relationship. The authors analyzed cases from this nationally repre-
sentative, longitudinal study of youths using children who were aged  11 to 12.5 in
1994. They  looked at whether impulsivity, peer rejection, social withdrawal, and sub-
stance use were  related to delinquency  for both boys  and girls. They found  that
depression and delinquency were correlated for girls but not for boys. They also found
that for girls, it appeared that depression and substance use were related to delin-
quency, while  peer rejection was more  important in understanding  delinquency  in
boys. The authors conclude  that depression is a gender-specific risk factor for delin-
quency  and that it is important to consider this factor when implementing  gender
specific programming  for delinquent youth.
   In the next article, Stacey Nofziger explores the relationship between self-control,
gender identity, and deviance. She notes that the sex gap in offending is, in many ways,
largely unexplained and that a better understanding of the relationship between gender
identity and self-control might be an important step toward better understanding this gap.
Prior research has established that self-control is associated with participation in delin-
quent behavior for both boys and girls, but girls generally have higher levels of self-control
and subsequently  engage in less delinquency. Nofziger argues that previous research
addresses the key role of self-control in predicting deviant behavior, although it fails to
adequately explain the mechanism that links sex and self-control. She argues that this cru-
cial connection can be provided by an examination of gender identity. Although gender

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