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12 Feminist Criminology 3 (2017)

handle is hein.journals/femcrim12 and id is 1 raw text is: 

Article

                                                                Feminist Criminology
                                                                2017, Vol. 12(1) 3-21
Revisiting       the Yorkshire                                 @ The Author(s) 2015
                                                             Reprints and permissions:
Ripper Murders: Interrogating sagepub.com/journalsPermissions.nav
                                                       DOl: 10.1177/1557085115602960
Gender Violence, Sex                 W    ork,                     fcx.sagepub.com

and Justice                                                         OSAGE




Louise   Wattis'




Abstract
Between  1975 and 1980, I3 women, 7 of whom  were sex workers, were murdered
in the North of England. Aside from the femicide itself, the case was infamous for
police failings, misogyny, and victim blaming. The article begins with a discussion of
the serial murder of women as a gendered structural phenomenon within the wider
context of violence, gender, and arbitrary justice. In support of this, the article revisits
the above case to interrogate police reform in England and Wales in the wake of
the murders, arguing that despite procedural reform, gendered cultural practices
continue to shape  justice outcomes for victims of gender violence. In addition,
changes to prostitution policy are assessed to highlight how the historical and ongoing
Othering and criminalization of street sex workers perpetuates the victimization of
this marginalized group of women.


Keywords
policing, femicide, history, prostitution, sex work, victimology (general), women



Introduction

Between  1975 and 1980, Peter Sutcliffe, who became known as the Yorkshire Ripper
murdered 13 women  and is known to have attacked another 8 women. With the excep-
tion of the doctor Harold Shipman who murdered 215 of his patients, most of whom
were women,  Peter Sutcliffe has murdered more women than any other British serial
killer (Grover & Soothill, 1999). Seven of the murder victims were women involved


'Teesside University, Middlesbrough, UK
Corresponding Author:
Louise Wattis, Teesside University, Clarendon Building, Borough Road, Middlesbrough, TS I 3BA, UK.
Email: L.wattis@tees.ac.uk

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