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11 Feminist Criminology 3 (2016)

handle is hein.journals/femcrim11 and id is 1 raw text is: 

Article

                                                              Feminist Criminology
                                                              2016, Vol. I 1(1) 3-22
No     Contact, Except                                      @ The Author(s) 2014
                                                           Reprints and permissions:
         : Visitation     Decisions                 sagepub.com/journalsPermissions.nav
                                                      DOI: 10.1177/1557085114554259
in  Pfcx.sagepub.com

Intimate Partner Abuse                                             OSAGE




Ruth   E. Fleury-Steiner', Susan L. Miller',
Sara   Maloney2,   and  Emily   Bonistall   Postell




Abstract
Since the I994 Violence Against Women Act was signed into law, women seeking
safety from intimate partner violence have increasingly sought civil protection
orders. Each year, approximately I million civil protection orders are issued in
the United States. Research suggests that protection orders can help to reduce
intimate partner abuse. Moreover, protection orders can offer a variety of reliefs
to survivors, including stay away orders, division of property, and custody and
visitation stipulations. However, little research has examined factors related to
specific conditions of protection orders, particularly around visitation. Given that
batterers often use children and visitation as a further tactic of power and control,
it is important to reveal which variables are related to visitation decisions and
conditions within protection orders. Structured observations of protection order
hearings were conducted in family courts involving women seeking orders against
male partners. Visitation arrangements determined by judicial officers in hearings
tended to  be informal; the court provided little support or information. Legal
representation only mattered for offenders. Implications for judicial training and for
systems advocacy will be discussed.


Keywords
courts, child custody, intimate partner violence, judges, civil orders



'University of Delaware, Newark, USA
2Cape May County Board of Social Services, Cape May, USA
Corresponding Author:
Ruth E. Fleury-Steiner, Department of Human Development and Family Studies, University of Delaware,
Newark, USA.
Email: rfs@udel.edu

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