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24 Fed. Probation 24 (1960)
Interstate Cooperation in Probation and Parole

handle is hein.journals/fedpro24 and id is 110 raw text is: Interstate Cooperation in
Probation and Parole
Supervisor, Interstate Unit, Adult Parole Division, California Department of Corrections

OHN        BROWN   was arrested in     1955 by the
Cincinnati Police Department charged with
forgery. He pleaded guilty and was sentenced
to the Ohio State Penitentiary. He had served a
previous term in Illinois for worthless (NSF)
checks. The case history reveals that he completed
the 11th grade and married at the age of 21.
Brown and his wife had two children. The mar-
riage terminated in a divorce.
Brown's employment record indicated work as
typist, bookkeeper, and draftsman. He had a rec-
ord of periodic alcoholism but did not gamble or
use drugs. In an interview with his counselor
while confined, he readily admitted his offenses
and intelligently discussed points of significance
giving rise to his criminal activities. At the time
of his hearing before the Ohio Parole Board, he
appeared relatively stable emotionally and ex-
pressed realistic plans for postprison life. The
board granted him a parole, subject to approval
of an appropriate placement program in Cali-
The results of California's investigation are
given in the following initial interview report sub-
mitted to the Compact Administrator for the State
of Ohio.1
A cooperative placement investigation of this case
was submitted by Parole Agent Smith on April 10, 1959,
indicating that he (Mr. Brown) was to reside in the
home of his aunt, Mrs. Doris Roe, at 139 West Main
St., San Francisco, Telephone YUkon 4268. Although
Mr. Brown had no definite program of employment, he
had assurance of a job placement through the California
State Employment Service. He is 32 years of age, di-
vorced, white. He is a second-felony offender, sentenced
by the criminal court at Cincinnati to a term of 1 to 14
years for the crime of forgery. His prior record indicates
an arrest for worthless checks in 1952 for which he was
sentenced to the State penitentiary. He was paroled in
1954 after having served 2 years. Following a successful
parole adjustment for approximately 18 months he was
discharged from further supervision. He is scheduled for
discharge on the current offense in May 1961.
Mr. Brown arrived in San Francisco May 16, 1959
and was initially interviewed by Parole Agent Smith.
He presented a friendly and cooperative attitude and
freely verbalized his intentions to live up to his parole
obligations. The events leading to the second offense,
I All identifying data have been altered.
The Interstate Probation and Parole Compact, by B. E. Cribfield,

as gleaned from the case material submitted by Ohio,
were discussed with Mr. Brown, who showed an ap-
propriate response to counseling relating to his future
conduct and adherence to the parole rules. He was in-
formed regarding the submission of periodic reports
and the necessity of consulting with his parole agent
concerning any change of employment or residence.
Mr. Brown expressed interest in being reconciled with
his wife who had divorced him while incarcerated and
who had been given custody of their two minor children,
ages 4 and 6. It was suggested that he first demonstrate
a period of adjustment and that in any event, the ap-
proval of Ohio must first be obtained before he could
During the entire interview Mr. Brown showed ap-
propriate understanding and promised to comply faith-
fully with the parole rules. He expressed a sincere
interest in obtaining an immediate job as a welder and
felt that his skill in this field would not present a serious
employment problem. Prognosis as to future conduct is
History of the Compact
Congress first authorized agreements or com-
pacts among the states for cooperative effort and
mutual assistance in the prevention of crime in
1934.2 Conceived in 1935 by the then Interstate
Commission on Crime, the Compact is now an
officially binding agreement between all 50 states
and Puerto Rico. Recently the Virgin Islands also
signed the Compact.
In 1935 the Interstate Commission on Crime
developed uniform crime legislation for coordina-
tion and adoption by the several states. As one
phase thereof, the Commission promulgated an
Interstate Compact for the Supervision of Pro-
bationers and Parolees, recognizing that modern
facilities for transportation and communication
have made crime control an interstate problem.
The basic consideration in the formation of this
Compact was the realization that the interests of
society require adequate supervision of persons on
probation or parole, regardless of where they
might live. It was deemed advisable to develop a
form of agreement for states to assume certain
responsibilities designed to properly supervise
probationers and parolees from other states and,
in turn, secure supervision of probationers and
parolees located in other states.
The introductory illustration clearly indicates
the efficacy of using the Compact channels in pro-
viding for adequate supervision of an adult pa-

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