80 FBI L. Enforcement Bull. 24 (2011)
Violent True Believers

handle is hein.journals/fbileb80 and id is 242 raw text is: 




































V iolent true believers (VTBs) are com-
        mitted, or apparently  so, to an  ideology
or belief system  that advances  the killing of self
and  others as  a legitimate  means  of  furthering
a particular goal.' They  are convinced  that their
truth is absolute and  that no acceptable  alterna-
tives exist.2 Violence, their method of change, will
include homicide,  suicide, or both. They  commit
such acts instrumentally, in the service of advanc-
ing the cause.3 Soldiers and  police officers differ
from  VTBs;   although,  perhaps,  also willing  to
die, they behave  in a lawful  context.' The  three
principles  of jus in  bello-acceptable   wartime
conduct-include proportionality, responsibility,
and discrimination and apply  to soldiers and police


24 / FBI Law Enforcement Bulletin


  Dr. Meloy is a consultant,
    researcher, writer, and
    teacher. He setves as a
 clinical faculty member with
 the University of California,
     San Diego, School of
Medicine and the San Diego
   Psychoanalytic Institute.

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