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10 Eur. J. Probation 3 (2018)

handle is hein.journals/eurjp10 and id is 1 raw text is: 



Original Article                                                     E   J

                                                            European Journal of Probation
                                                                 2018, Vol. 10(I) 3-27
A   com    parison       of two                                  @ The Author(s) 2018
                                                               Reprints and permissions:
structured         professional                        sagepub.co.u</journalsPermissions.nav
                                                         DOI: 10.1177/2066220317749140
judgment tools for violent                                 journals.sagepub.com/home/ep

extremism and their relevance                                         OSAGE
in the French context




Martine Herzog-Evans
University of Reims, France



Abstract
France has repeatedly been hit by terrorist attacks making the use of a structured
professional judgement tool essential. Two such tools currently are used in Europe:
VERA (Canada) and ERG 22+ (England and Wales). We compare these tools to assess
which one would better suit the French context. We find that they have a lot in
common in terms of their general content and intrinsic value. However, VERA's main
understanding of terrorism is ideology, whereas ERG's perceives it as being essentially
about identity. ERG was the first tool to introduce a measure for psychopathology;
only VERA contains a list of protective factors. The two instruments were developed
in similar ways with, for ERG, more emphasis on extremist offenders' casework.
Crucially, ERG 22+ has been developed on the basis of UK cases that are closer to the
French extremist populations, with a legal threshold for what constitutes a terrorist
or an assimilated terrorist offence, which is similarly low. Lastly, ERG's structure is
simpler and contains less items requiring access to classified data, a crucial factor in
a jurisdiction with little interagency information sharing. Although the two tools are
intrinsically comparable, ERG seems overall better suited to the French context. This
exploratory conclusion ought to be confirmed with field comparisons.


Keywords
ERG 22+, France, structured professional judgement, terrorism, VERA




Corresponding author:
Martine Herzog-Evans, PhD, Law faculty, University of Reims, 57 bis rue Pierre Taittinger, CS 8000,
51096 REIMS, Cedex, France.
Email: martineeevans@gmail.com

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