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1 Eur. J. Probation 1 (2009)

handle is hein.journals/eurjp1 and id is 1 raw text is: 





                                                      European Journal of Probation
                                                           University ofBucharest
                                                                 www. e/prob. ro
                                                        Vol. 1, No. 1, 2009, pp I - 2
Editorial                                                   ISSN: 2066 - 2203

It is with great pleasure that, on behalf of the editorial board, I welcome you to
the first edition of the European Journal of Probation. This peer reviewed,
internet based publication exists to stimulate academic debate and to foster
dialogue about probation in Europe. For the sake of clarity, our use of the term
'probation' is not intended to refer to any specific sanction or organisation; rather,
we use it as a short-hand term to refer to community sanctions and measures
used at any stage of the criminal justice process; pre-trial, post-trial and post-
custody. With rates of imprisonment in Europe rising rapidly, the case for
focusing academic attention on alternatives to incarceration is not difficult to
make, whether we look to technical debates about effectiveness and public safety,
or whether we look to more normative issues around moral principles and human
rights. And so the launch of European Journal of Probation could hardly be more
timely.

I am sure you will agree that this first edition sets a very high standard; one
which we will endeavour to maintain in our twice-yearly issues. Though it is
accidental and perhaps unfortunate that the contributions to this edition come
from just two jurisdictions - both of them within the United Kingdom - we are
nonetheless lucky that they address some of the most fundamental issues and
challenges that probation in Europe is currently facing. Peter Raynor 's and Gwen
Robinson's contribution sets an important and helpful precedent in compelling
us to engage with fundamental moral questions about the nature of offender
rehabilitation. Reviewing the history of probation in England and Wales, they
show how rehabilitation has been cast somewhat differently at different stages in
probation's history. They conclude that rehabilitation can and should attend to
the interests of offenders, victims and communities as its beneficiaries of
rehabilitation need not be in conflict.

Fergus McNeill's paper, which is based on his recent address to European
Directors of Probation, is principally concerned with more technical questions
about the effectiveness of probation - or more accurately about the effectiveness
of probation might be enhanced through a reflective and critical engagement with
research not just on 'what works?' but also on desistance from crime. However,
McNeill concludes that the evidence base that we look to in exploring these
apparently technical questions inevitably draws us back to normative questions
about the moral character and social context of probation work.

Mike Nellis takes us into different territory in exploring one of the most
significant developments in community sanctions in recent decades; the advent

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