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7 Eur. J. Criminology 5 (2010)

handle is hein.journals/eujcrim7 and id is 1 raw text is: 


                                                                            Euean


Introduction                                                                 Criminology

                                                                European journal of Criminology
                                                                                 7(1) 5-10
                                                                        @The Author(s) 2010
                                                              Reprints and permission: http://www.
Hum      an    Trafficking: Issues and                       sagepub.co.uk/journalsPernission.nav
                                                                DOl: 10.1 177/1477370809347894
Perspectives                                                           http://euc.sagepub.com
                                                                              OSAGE



John   Winterdyk
Mount Royal University, Canada


Philip   Reichel
University of Northern Colorado, United States




Abstract
This special issue focuses on a crime that has been classified by the United Nations as the third
most  profitable crime in the world - human trafficking (Fichtelberg 2008). 1 The international
contributions in this issue cover a range of key social, economic, political and legal issues as they
relate to human trafficking.The genesis for this collection evolved out of a major project led by
Philip Reichel which was completed in 2007. Reichel and an international team examined Canadian
and US  practices of combating human trafficking. In addition, the project explored a range of
initiatives used in Europe and proposed by the United Nations.2 Before presenting an overview
of the articles, we thought it instructive to provide a synopsis of some of the fundamental issues
involved in human trafficking. Our thinking was that a brief discussion of these more general,
descriptive, theoretical and practical issues would provide some context for readers unfamiliar
with the subject of human trafficking.

Keywords
Human  Trafficking, Sexual Exploitation,Transit Countries,Victims of Human Trafficking.


Overview of human trafficking
It is generally acknowledged that human  trafficking is a heinous crime and a gross abuse
of fundamental  human   rights (see Fichtelberg 2008). According to the United Nations,
human  trafficking involves 'an act of recruiting, transporting, transferring, harbouring or
receiving a person through  a use of force, coercion or other means, for the purpose  of
exploiting them' (UNODC 2009a). Human traffickers tend to victimize the most vulner-
able of the global community - young  women   and children. They are typically forced into


Corresponding  author:
John Winterdyk, Department of justice Studies, Mount Royal University, Calgary, AB,T3E 6K6, Canada
Email: jwinterdyk@mtroyal.ca

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