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6 Eur. J. Criminology 5 (2009)

handle is hein.journals/eujcrim6 and id is 1 raw text is: 

                                           Volume 6 (1): 5-23: 1477-3708
                                        DOl: 10.1177/1477370808098102 European
                                      Copyright 0 2009 European Society of
                                        Criminology and SAGE Publications
                   Los Angeles, London, New Delhi, Singapore and Washington DC  CTminol ogy
                                              www.sagepublications.com


                                                                   ARTICLES


Adolescent Lifestyle Risk by Gender


and Ethnic Background


Findings from Two Urban Samples


Lieven  Pauwels
Ghent  University, Belgium

Robert  Svensson
Malmo   University, Sweden


     ABSTRACT

     The aim of this paper is to explain individual differences in lifestyle risk. Lifestyle
     risk has previously been identified as a key social mechanism which has strong
     direct effects on juvenile offending. Building on statements derived from the
     Situational Action Theory (SAT), we test the assumptions that (1) family structure
     explains individual differences in lifestyle risk, (2) these effects are moderated by
     mechanisms  of social control, and (3) the effects of mechanisms of control are
     moderated  by the effect of propensity to offend (morality and self-control). It is
     assumed  that this model holds in different population segments such as sub-
     populations by gender and ethnic background. Results from two independently
     drawn  urban  samples in Belgium and  Sweden  are used  to discuss the
     generalization of these findings. Mixed support is found for the 'equality of
     effects' thesis.

     KEY   WORDS

     Adolescent Lifestyles / Gender / Immigrant Background / Informal Control /
     Propensity to Offend / Situational Action Theory.



Lifestyle   risk as  a dependent variable in criminology


Recent  developments  within theories that explain individual differences in
offending point to the importance of crime-inducing settings, often referred
to as the concept of lifestyle risk. One theory that explicitly emphasizes the

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