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4 Eur. J. Criminology 5 (2007)

handle is hein.journals/eujcrim4 and id is 1 raw text is: 




                                           Volume 4 (1): 5-31: 1477-3708
                                         DOI: 10.1177/1477370807071728 European
                                      Copyright 0 2007 European Society of
                                        Criminology and SAGE Publications .I
                                  London, Thousand Oaks CA, and New Delhi  Crliinology
                                              www.sagepublications.com

                                                                    ARTICLES



Group Sex Offending by Juveniles


Coercive Sex as a Group Activity


Catrien  C. J. H. Bijleveld
Netherlands  Institute for the Study of Crime and Law  Enforcement  and
the Free University Amsterdam,  The  Netherlands

Frank  M.  Weerman
Netherlands  Institute for the Study of Crime and Law  Enforcement,
The  Netherlands

Daphne   Looije
Youth  Care Institute 'Jeugdformaat', The Hague,  The Netherlands

Jan  Hendriks
Youth  Department  of De  Waag,  The Hague,  The Netherlands



      ABSTRACT

      We study sex offences carried out by groups of juveniles, focusing on offender
      characteristics and the interaction patterns within offender groups and between
      offenders and victims. Using reconstructions of offences from court files as well
      as information retrieved from personality screenings, we conclude that
      perpetrators generally had below-average intelligence, and otherwise a fairly
      average personality profile. Group size was on average four. Offences were
      generally not planned as such. In some cases, offenders had agreed to have sex
      with a victim, although without discussing how to arrange that. In other cases,
      offenders seemed to know what was going to happen without discussing it
      beforehand. In one-third of the groups, a leader orchestrated the offence during
      the perpetration. The group either was instrumental or functioned as a public to
      witness the debasement of the victim. The offence itself is often regarded as
      entertainment. In most offence situations at least one vaginal rape took place. In
      many cases the victim was threatened, even after completion of the offence.

      KEY  WORDS


Group Offending / Group Sex Offending / juvenile Sex Offending.

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