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2 Eur. J. Criminology 5 (2005)

handle is hein.journals/eujcrim2 and id is 1 raw text is: 

                                        Volume 2 (1): 5-37: 1477-3708
                                        DOI: 101177/1477370805048626 European
                                    Copyright Q 2005 European Society of
                                      Criminology and SAGE Publications  Criminology
                                London, Thousand Oaks CA, and New Delhi


Youth Gangs and Troublesome Youth

Groups in the United States and the


A  Cross-National Comparison

Finn-Aage  Esbensen
University of Missouri-St. Louis, USA

Frank  M.  Weerman
Netherlands Institute for the Study of Crime and Law Enforcement, The


     A minority of adolescents are part of street-oriented groups in which illegal
     behaviour is common, groups that can be referred to as 'youth gangs' or
     'troublesome youth groups'. Such groups are a well-known phenomenon in the
     United States and recently have been reported in a number of European nations.
     Relatively few researchers, however, have endeavoured to explore such youth
     gangs from a comparative perspective. In this article, we examine characteristics
     of American and Dutch gangs and gang members. These cross-national com-
     parisons are based on two school samples of 11-16-year-old youths in the USA
     (N = 5935) and the Netherlands (N = 1978). The students completed anony-
     mous, self-administered questionnaires containing similar questions, which
     allow for comparison of Dutch and American adolescent experiences with youth


     Comparative Research / Delinquent Peers / Gangs / Juvenile Delinquency/ Youth

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