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2 Eur. J. Criminology 5 (2005)

handle is hein.journals/eujcrim2 and id is 1 raw text is: 

                                        Volume 2 (1): 5-37: 1477-3708
                                        DOI: 101177/1477370805048626 European
                                    Copyright Q 2005 European Society of
                                      Criminology and SAGE Publications  Criminology
                                London, Thousand Oaks CA, and New Delhi
                                            www.sagepublications.com

                                                               ARTICLES



Youth Gangs and Troublesome Youth


Groups in the United States and the


Netherlands

A  Cross-National Comparison




Finn-Aage  Esbensen
University of Missouri-St. Louis, USA

Frank  M.  Weerman
Netherlands Institute for the Study of Crime and Law Enforcement, The
Netherlands



     ABSTRACT

     A minority of adolescents are part of street-oriented groups in which illegal
     behaviour is common, groups that can be referred to as 'youth gangs' or
     'troublesome youth groups'. Such groups are a well-known phenomenon in the
     United States and recently have been reported in a number of European nations.
     Relatively few researchers, however, have endeavoured to explore such youth
     gangs from a comparative perspective. In this article, we examine characteristics
     of American and Dutch gangs and gang members. These cross-national com-
     parisons are based on two school samples of 11-16-year-old youths in the USA
     (N = 5935) and the Netherlands (N = 1978). The students completed anony-
     mous, self-administered questionnaires containing similar questions, which
     allow for comparison of Dutch and American adolescent experiences with youth
     gangs.

     KEY  WORDS

     Comparative Research / Delinquent Peers / Gangs / Juvenile Delinquency/ Youth
     Groups.

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