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6 EEJ 53 (2016-2017)
Legal Problems for the Protection of Smart Grids from Cyber Threats

handle is hein.journals/euenj6 and id is 179 raw text is: 











Research Ass stant, Energ ienst tut an de
Johannes  Kepler Universita Linz

and


Jchannes Reich!

Project Manager., EnergieinstItut an aer
Johannes  Keoler Universitat Linz


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The European power  system is undergoing con-
stant evolution since the advent of the smart
grids vision', where smart technology is about
to become mainstream  in the architecture of
electricity grids. New functionalities, real-time
sensing, and autonomous interventions of
the technology promise enhanced operational
efficiency and reliability, and open the door to
a plethora of new services for final customers.
All of these new capabilities require high inter-
connectivity between the conventional electri-
city distribution infrastructure and the infor-
mation and communication  infrastructure.
Such unprecedented interconnectivity of the
two complex systems with essential importan-
ce for the vital functioning of our society and
economy  naturally raises concerns about their
technical stability and security. Consequently,
research in the technical disciplines intensive-
ly addresses the development of measures to
protect our power system from cyber threats.
However, while the protection from cyber


threats requires technical solutions, successful
configuration and implementation of these
solutions require the provision of legal regu-
lations, addressing the economic framework
conditions, minimum  standards, and ways of
transnational cooperation to establish homo-
geneous levels of cyber security throughout
the EU.

Yet, while a successful cyber attack on the
electricity sector could have a particular-
ly devastating impact on the economy and
society of affected regions2, cyber security is
a concern not only in the energy sector. As a
general approach to all the sectors significantly
depending on IT infrastructure, on 6th of July
2016, after 3 years of negotiations EU policy
makers published the Network and Informati-
on Security Directive3 as the first legal provisi-


2   Fe e-gRi  etDa (2013) i Te valueh of sUp ly ecuri
She  c   o p     o    to A srian ouseho firms
and the pub ic scor        36 26-6   or de
Nooi et  2007 The valeo sn v seuriy The cos of


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