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4 Envtl. Pol'y & L. 1 (1978)

handle is hein.journals/envpola4 and id is 1 raw text is: 


   The  conservation movement   has  begun  to grow political roots.
 The newly  politicized perspective has been marked by the develop-
 ment of ecology - also known  as 'green' - political parties who have
 sought constituent support and run candidates for elective positions.

   Statistics have shown that many  of the people who  join a non-
political ecology group have no specific political affiliations and come
under  the category of idealists' Their reason, in the first instance,
for becoming  active in such a group is to try to bring their influence
to bear on  a specific environmental issue. Later, these same people
become   increasingly politically conscious as a result of the frustrations
experienced  in trying to reach their goals, eventually assuming that
their aims can only be achieved within the framework of an environ-
mental  political party. With the decision to form such a party come
the political problems which affect not only the ecology  party but
the established parties themselves.

   The new  political party soon becomes  a collecting ground for all
those discontented with the environmental  policies of the established
parties, thus robbing those parties of their much-needed critical voices.
On  the other hand, an ecology party, if it wishes to gain and retain
political power, must concern  itself with issues other than that of
conservation alone.  It must develop a broad ideological base, a plat-
form  made  of non-ecological elements, to remain viable. Experience
with single-issue parties has shown that their existence is limited, their
appeal too narrow  to garner any political influence. An ecology party
must  not merely take decisions - it must also achieve a majority for
implementing  them, and  this can only be done on the basis of political
compromise,  sometimes  to the detriment of conservation.

   For this reason, we have seen in recent months that although ecology
parties have gained many supporters and have had success at the polls,
most  of these supporters, when faced with a long-term political choice,
have given their support to one of the other established political parties.
Consequently,  ecologists' demands have been  perhaps compromised.
On  the other hand, established parties have no longer been able to take
ill-considered, unsound positions without accommodating the ecologists'
demands.   We view this development as a victory for democracy, and
no small success for conservation.




   The date of the next issue, which is planned for early Summer, will
depend  on how quickly we can prepare for publication the huge amount
of literature arising out of the Sixth Governing Council of UNEP, to
be held in Nairobi, from 9 to 27May, 1978.                          O
Environmental Policy and Law, 4 (1978)

(Re: Book Note: Competence of the
European Communities for Environ-
mental Policy. EPL 3:2, p. 87.)
Dear Editor,
   We much  appreciate your journal,
and find it most useful and interesting
in our work as an institution of Euro-
pean integration making environmental
   However I must take exception to the
unwarranted conclusions of your book
review Competence of the European
Communities for Environmental Policy
in the July 1977 number. It is not at
all evident to us that the Treaty of
Rome  is not sufficient and has to be
amended in order to be able to deal with
environmental problems of European
dimensions! I enclose a list of 27 texts
adopted by the Council of Ministers on
the basis of this insufficient Treaty over
the past four years and it should be noted
that they are all legally binding.* An-
other 30 texts currently await adoption
by the Council.
   I also include, and would be grateful
if you would publish in its entirety, the
reply given by the Commission to a
recent written question by the honour-
able Parliamentarian Jahn, which ex-
plains exactly the situation as it is in
fact and in Law.
                      M. Carpentier
  Director General CEC - Environment
      and Consumer Protection Service

Ed. note: The written question by Mr.
Jahn (which we had already intended to
bring in this issue), and the reply given by
the Commission is printed in its entirety
on page 56.
   *The Editor regrets that due to lack
of space it is impossible to print this list.

(Re: The Rights of Animal and Plant
Life. EPL 3:2, p. 85)
Dear Sir,
   I would like to congratulate Professor
van Heijnsbergen on his article on The
Rights of Animal and Plant Life and
on his proposal that the Declaration
stating these rights be adopted by an
international body, preferably the United
              (Continued on page 56)



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