3 Envtl. Pol'y & L. 1 (1977)

handle is hein.journals/envpola3 and id is 1 raw text is: 






             __               Tl_                            D


   With this issue EPL introduces a new  cover design, as announced
earlier. The colors remain the same but we now  carry a photo high-
lighting a current environmental issue. Our  first image shows the
breakup  of the oil tanker Argo Merchant. Built in 1953, this vessel
has been  involved in 18 accidents and ran aground  twice before the
December   1976 incident. Since then there were at least 14 major oil
tanker spills and the places and sizes of the oceans' oil carpets change
daily. While  we do  not now  report on this subject, we anticipate
covering preventative measures as soon as they are articulated. Ques-
tions are being raised in national parliaments but little has been achieved.
One  of the more recent negative developments involves the crew of a
polluting tanker who  has been permitted  to evade all responsibility,
leaving their environmental degradation behind in France to return to
the DDR.
   EPL's next issue will report on the US Senate Hearings held on oil
tankers. Also we  will inform our readers about the new World Wildlife
Fund  (WWF)   campaign  christened The  Seas Must  Live and about
civil liability for offshore drilling activities.


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   The environmental  aspects of the Final Act of the Helsinki Confer-
ence on  Security and Cooperation  in Europe  (see 1 EPL  2 at 108)
which  had received no attention yet, were discussed at length at the
meeting  of the UN  Economic   Commission  for Europe.   EPL  was
pleased to learn of the bilateral agreement between the USA and the
USSR   and trusts that one day it can report on a similar success for the
Final Act policy issues.


*


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   A desperate energy problem  has arisen in developing countries where
people are compelled  to destroy their forests for firewood to cook and
to heat their homes  as well as to export for foreign exchange. The
IUCN   General Assembly   meeting in Zaire discussed the need for a
treaty to protect tropical forests. No resolution was taken at the IUCN
General Assembly   meeting and the matter was referred to the Board for
further consideration and  recommendations.   The  result of experts
consultations revealed that the majority agreed on the necessity of an
international accord. The drafting of an enforceable agreement will not
be an easy task since it will involve making a compromise between sup-
plying wood  and food  and maintaining the forests' ecological balance.


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   A short but sincere mention to our 1976 Editor, D. S. Zalob, whose
fond attention to this enterprise has enhanced its growth. Zalob re-
turns to lawyerly pursuits and its challenges stateside. We wish him
the very best. Heather Mitchell, former counsel to the Canadian En-
vironmental  Law Association, has now joined EPL  staff
Environmental Policy and Law, 3 (1977)


LETTERS
TO THE EDITOR



Prix Elizabeth Haub
(Extrait d'une Lettre au Ridacteur, r6f.
Remise du Prix Elizabeth Haub, EPL
2:2, p. 78)


   J'ai lu avec le plus vif intdrdt le
compte-rendu qu'a publid la revue
Environmental Policy and Law de la
s6ance de remise du Prix Elizabeth
Haub.
   Je tiens A vous f6liciter trbs vivement
et d vous remercier pour la bonne grice
avec laquelle vous avez donn6 la publici-
t6 d cet dv6nement qui, je crois, le mdri-
te d'autant plus que les choix qui ont
6  faits et notamment le v6tre indi-
quent l'esprit de l'initiative dont l'im-
portance sur le plan de la diffusion des
iddes me paraft considerable.
         Paul Foriers
         Recteur
         Universit6 Libre de Bruxelles

Shoulders  to the Wheel
(Re: E. Blair & F. Hoerger, Toxic
Substances Legislation - Regulators
vs. Science, EPL 2:2 at 84, 2:3 at
138)
   In their critique of current efforts
to regulate chemical substances for the
sake of environmental protection, the
authors make several valuable observa-
tions, but proceed to apply these points
in a misleading fashion to the then-
proposed and recently adopted US
Toxic Substances Control Act. They
note that the marginal benefit of in-
creasingly stringent environmental con-
trols becomes increasingly expensive,
particularly when approaching a require-
ment of absolute prevention of pollu-
tion or risk. It is reasonable to object
to a  comprehensive demand  for
absolute safety, but the Toxic Sub-
stances Control Act does not insist on
such complete protection. Blair &
Hoerger criticize the Act's frequent
reference to a standard of unreason-
able risk as ignoring consideration of
economic and other benefits, but the
very use of a standard of reasonable-
ness as well as several more explicit
references in the Act make clear that a
                     (continued p. 48)
                                 1

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