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20 Envtl. L. Rev. 3 (2018)

handle is hein.journals/envirlr20 and id is 1 raw text is: 




                                                                            Law Review
Article

                                                                            Environmental Law Review
                                                                               2018, Vol. 20(1) 3-15
                                                                               @The Author(s) 2017
Examining the legal safeguardsK)TeAtos)21
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against the          e..viron...           tal   impa       t               10. 1177/1461452917746153

of   land     grabbing         in  African                                journals.sagepub.com/home/elj
                                                                                      OSAGE
countries: A critical review

of   Nigerian environmental law



Taiwo   Ajala,  PhD
Faculty of Law, Lagos State University, Lagos, Nigeria



Abstract
Large-scale land acquisitions in African countries by foreign investors who use such lands for agricultural
purposes that have negative socio-economic and environmental impact in host countries is considered as
'land grabbing in Africa'. In the context of the environment, the type of crops and monoculture practices
undertaken by the foreign investors led to changes in land use, deforestation, exposure of land to soil
erosion, depletion of water sources, pollution of surface water and contamination of ground water as a
result of the intense use of agro-chemicals. Collectively, these have had a deleterious environmental impact
in host countries. This article examines the phenomenon of 'land grabbing in Africa' by identifying the type
of land-based agricultural investments by foreign entities and the environmental impact of such investments
in African countries like Nigeria. The article argues that the prevailing Nigerian environmental law cannot
ensure sustainable development as it does not address the environmental impact of land-based agricultural
investments by foreign enterprises in the country. The article proposes that suitable environmental laws
must contain the concepts of Community Participation in environmental impact assessment process of land
based foreign investments and Environmental justice for victims of environmental degradation of such
investments.


Keywords
Land grabbing, land based investments, environmental impact of land grabbing, Nigerian environmental law,
environmental impact assessment, environmental justice



Introduction
Most African countries are endowed with natural resources such as a variety of mineral deposits, arable
lands and rich biodiversity. For many decades, despite abundant arable lands, agriculture was not taken


Corresponding author:
Taiwo Ajala, PhD, Faculty of Law, Lagos State University, Badagry Express Way, Ojo, Lagos, Nigeria.
Email: taijala2005@gmail.com

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