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9 Emory Int'l L. Rev. 389 (1995)
Civil Society and Democratization in Haiti

handle is hein.journals/emint9 and id is 401 raw text is: Articles

CIVIL SOCIETY AND DEMOCRATIZATION
IN HAITI
by
Andrew S. Levin
TABLE OF CONTENTS
I. 'INTRODUCTION ................................             390
II. THE HISTORY OF THE CONCEPT OF CIVIL SOCIETY ...           394
III. THE REVIVAL OF CIVIL SOCIETY ................... 401
A. Practice, Not Theory, Has Dominated the Revival . 401
B. The Theoretical Implications of the Revival of
Civil Society  .............................          406
IV. CIVIL SOCIETY, DEMOCRATIZATION, & U.S. POLICY:
THE CASE OF HAITI ............................. 409
A. The Role of Civil Society in Haitian History ...... 410
1. From Colonial Times to the Duvaliers    ....... 410
2. The Emergence of Civil Society as the Leading
Actor in Democratization   ................. 421
a. The Fall of the Duvalier Dictatorship ...... 421
* J.D., Harvard Law School (1994); MA. in Asian Languages and Cultures, Univer-
sity of Michigan (1990); B.A., Williams College (1983). The author has traveled to Haiti
three times over the last fifteen years as a student, election observer, and human rights
investigator. He is co-author of SILENCING A PEOPLE: THE DESTRUCTION OF CIVIL SOCIETY
IN HAITI (1993). The author wishes to thank Mary Freeman, Eric Kramer, Steve Sowle,
and Henry Steiner for their insightful comments on earlier drafts of this work.

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