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33 Emory Int'l L. Rev. 259 (2018-2019)
Iraqi Women as Legally Vulnerable Subjects: Applying Gender-Mainstreaming and Vulnerability Theory in the Posts-Conflict Iraqi State

handle is hein.journals/emint33 and id is 267 raw text is: 

                            IRAQI   STATE


    As the United States mobilized troops to invade Iraq in the spring of 2003,
the national agenda  at the forefront of the charge was Operation Iraqi
Freedom.  The push to liberate the Iraqi citizen from the oppressive Ba'athist
State capitalized on a  newly  created United Nations  Security Council
Resolution: Resolution 1325. As a peace-building mechanism, Resolution 1325
proposes that in order to reconstruct a nation following conflict, increased
numbers  of women must be incorporated into policy, government, and police
forces. This form of gender mainstreaming is a tenet of liberal feminism that
relies on the add women and stir  approach to gendered equality. However,
when  applied in post-conflict Iraq, women did not experience the expected
gendered equality envisioned by Resolution 1325. Instead, these reconstruction
techniques ignored the crumbling state infrastructure and attempted to impose
western ideals of equality, leaving Iraqi women only more vulnerable and
susceptible to gender based violence and retaliation, disease, poverty, and
death. This Comment argues that in post-conflict Iraq, Resolution 1325 was not
only apathetically applied, but was, and remains to be, a wholly ineffective tool
to  reconstruct war-torn nations. This Comment   therefore proposes  an
alternative to the gender-mainstreaming policies of Resolution 1325, turning
instead to Martha Fineman's Vulnerability Theory. Rather than attempting to
achieve genderedjustice by increasing the numbers ofwomen in reconstruction,
Vulnerability Theory operates within the post-conflict state to assert that the
state must be responsive to the root causes of suffering and discrimination
experienced by vulnerable populations following armed conflict, and must
rebuild base economic, political, and social infrastructure first, understanding
that factors such as poverty, diminished access to life-saving resources,
unemployment  and insecurity all intersect with gender to perpetuate conditions
of vulnerability, suffering, and violence.

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