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7 Eur. Data Prot. L. Rev. 477 (2021)
Privacy at the Margins

handle is hein.journals/edpl7 and id is 503 raw text is: 


Book Review  1477


Book Review


The Book  Reviews  section will introduce you to the latest and most interesting books on a wide range
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sion of reviews  please contact the  Book  Reviews  Editor Gloria Gonzalez  Fuster  at Gloria.Gonza-
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Privacy at the Margins
   By Scott Skinner-Thompson
   Cambridge  University Press 2020, 220 pp.
   £ 24.99 ; Paperback

Julien Rossi*

   The right to privacy is supposed to be a universal
human   right. It expresses itself in ways that are cul-
turally and historically situated, but it is recognised
by many  privacy advocates as being fundamental   to
the emotional  and social well-being of all.
   Yet recent events have reminded  us that privacy
violations intersect with structural social inequali-
ties. As recently as in January 2021, Dutch Prime Min-
ister Mark Rutte had to resign and call for elections
under the pressure of a parliamentary report finding
that thousands  of welfare recipients had had  their
benefits cut, sinking them into poverty, because of a
biased fraud monitoring   system. The same  month,
Grindr was  fined by the Norwegian  Data Protection
Authority for disclosing the sexual orientation of its
users to advertising companies.  And  in that same
year, we learnt that NSO's Pegasus sophisticated sur-


    DOI: 1O.21552/edpl/2021/3/18
    Julien Rossi is an Associate Professor at Universite catholique de
    l'Ouest, and associate researcher at COSTECH (Universite de
    technologie de Compiegne), PREFICS (Universite Rennes 2),
    invited research fellow at the Faculty of Law and Political Science
    of the University of Szeged, and co-chair of the Working group
    on Internet Governance and Regulation of GDR 2091 Internet, IA
    et Societe (CNRS). For correspondence: <julien.rossi@uco.fr>
1   Anita L. Allen, Uneasy Access: Privacy for Women in a Free
   Society (Rowman & Littlefield 1988).
2  John Gilliom, Overseers of the Poor: Surveillance, Resistance, and
    the Limits of Privacy (University of Chicago Press 2001).
3   Andre Vitalis and Armand Mattelart, Le profilage des populations:
    Du livret ouvrier au cybercontrole (La D6couverte 2014).
4   Virginia Eubanks, Automating Inequality: How High-Tech Tools
    Profile, Police, and Punish the Poor (First Edition, St Martin's Press
    2018).
5   Alice E. Marwick and danah boyd, 'Privacy at the Margins' (2018)
    12 [JOLT, 1157 < https://ijoc.org/index.php/ijoc/arti-
    cle/view/7053/2293 > accessed 23 August 2021.


veillance software had been used by  the ruler of the
Emirate of Dubai to target, kidnap and then sequester
his own  daughter. These are just a few examples in
a long  list that show how   people in  subordinate
groups, such as those who  are financially disadvan-
taged, non-heterosexual,  women,   racialised and/or
from  an ethnic, religious or political minority are dis-
proportionately  affected by surveillance, intrusion
into privacy and its negative consequences.
   Scott Skinner-Thompson   is an Associate Professor
of constitutional law at the University of Colorado,
whose  research focuses on the rights of Lesbian, Gay,
Bi, Transsexual  and Queer  (LGBTQ)   minorities as
well as those of people affected by the Acquired Im-
munodeficiency   Syndrome   (AIDS). His latest book,
Privacy at the Margins, describes the effects privacy
violations have on people living at the margins, and
denounces  the unequal  access to legal remedy such
people have  in the United States' (US) legal system,
based on  a queer and intersectional feminist episte-
mology.
   The topic his book deals with is far from novel in
and  by itself. Unequal access to privacy due to gen-
der discrimination  has  been denounced   by  Anita
Allen's Uneasy   Access, published  in  1988.1 John
Gilliom provides an account of how everyday surveil-
lance by welfare recipients is perceived and resisted
in Overseers of the Poor, published in 2001.2 Andr6
Vitalis and Armand  Mattelart's Le profilage des pop-
ulations, published in 2014,3 and Virginia Eubanks'
Automating  Inequality, published in 2018,4 both trace
back the roots of modern automated  surveillance sys-
tems  used to target, monitor and control people liv-
ing at the margins to older policies and tools of so-
cial control such as the French 'livret ouvrier' (work-
er's booklet) introduced by Napoleon, and poorhous-
es erected across the  US  during the  19th Century.
There was  even a special section of the International
Journal of Communication  edited by Alice E. Marwick
and  danah boyd, published  in 2018 which  also bore
the title of 'Privacy at the Margins'.5


EDPL  312021

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