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56 Duq. L. Rev. 199 (2018)
State Anti-BDS Laws Counteracting the BDS Movement and the Constitution

handle is hein.journals/duqu56 and id is 353 raw text is: 






    State  Anti-BDS Laws Counteracting the BDS
          Movement ... And the Constitution

                       Sara J. Watkins*


I.     INTRODUCTION                 .................................. 199
II.    BACKGROUND      ....................................... 202
      A.     Overview of the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict.... 203
      B.     What  is the BDS Movement? ......    ......... 205
      C.     Anti-BDS  Legislation.............. ........ 206
             1.     State Anti-BDS Legislation .... ..... 206
             2.     Federal Anti-BDS Legislation.............. 207
III.   CONSTITUTIONAL  ISSUES   ................... ....... 209
      A.     Intrusion into Foreign Affairs ...... ........ 209
      B.     Violation of the Commerce Clause ..... ..... 212
      C.     Preemption By Existing Federal Law .............. 215
IV.    NOTABLE  SANCTION CASES.     ....................... 216
      A.     Board of Trustees of Employees' Retirement
             System v. Baltimore  ................  ..... 216
       B.    Crosby v. National Foreign Trade Council...... 218
       C.    National   Foreign   Trade   Council  v.
             Giannoulias     ...................... ..... 221
V.     CONSTITUTIONAL  ANALYSIS OF ANTI-BDS
       LEGISLATION    ........................................ 224
       A.    Intrusion into Foreign Affairs Analysis........... 225
       B.    Violation of the Commerce Clause Analysis .... 227
       C.    Preemption   by  Existing  Federal  Law
             Analysis.    .......................  ....... 230
VI.    CONCLUSION            ....................................... 231


                     I.    INTRODUCTION

  When  two groups of people have claims to the same piece of land,
conflict is likely to ensue. For the Israelis and the Palestinians, the

   * Sara Watkins is a 2018 Juris Doctor candidate at Duquesne University School of
Law. She graduated from Washington & Jefferson College in 2015 with a B.A. in Political
Science and Studio Art. The author would like to thank Professor Bruce Ledewitz for all of
his guidance and support.


199

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