48 Drake L. Rev. 491 (1999-2000)
The Tinker Case: Reflections Thrity Years Later

handle is hein.journals/drklr48 and id is 501 raw text is: THE TINKER CASE: REFLECTIONS
THIRTY YEARS LATER
Edgar Bittle *
TABLE OF CONTENTS
I.   Introduction  .................................................................................... 491
II.  Review    of Facts .............................................................................. 493
m .   District Court Decision  .................................................................. 497
IV.    Supreme  Court Decision  ................................................................ 499
V .   Other Relevant Cases ..................................................................... 502
V I.   C onclusion  ..................................................................................... 506
I. INTRODUCTION
From 1960 to the end of 1963, the number of United States military
personnel assigned to Vietnam to support the Saigon regime increased from 700
to 17,000.1 In August of 1964, Lyndon Johnson ordered torpedo boat bases and
storage facilities bombed in reprisal for alleged attacks by North Vietnamese
torpedo boats on United States destroyers on August 2 and 4, 1964.2 This
incident prompted the Gulf of Tonkin resolution.3 In February 1965, President
Johnson ordered the bombing of North Vietnam4 On March 7, 1965, 3500
United States Marines landed in Da Nang, and by July 1965 the number of
United States combat troops in Vietnam was 75,000.5 By January 1968, the
number of troops in Vietnam was 510,000.6
*      Ahiers, Cooney, Dorweiler, Haynie, Smith & Allbee, P.C., 100 Court Avenue, Des
Moines, Iowa 50309. This Article is adapted from the author's presentation at the University of
Iowa, College of Education, Institute for School Executives, School Law Seminar, January 14,
1994.
1.     27 THE NEW ENcYctAPEDiA BRIrANNICA 864 (15th ed. 1987).
2.     12 id. at 362.
3.     12id.
4.     27 id at 864.
5.     27i
6.     12 id at 130.

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