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31 Duke J. Comp. & Int'l L. 1 (2020-2021)

handle is hein.journals/djcil31 and id is 1 raw text is: A STEP CLOSER: ECONOMIC INTEGRATION
AND THE AFRICAN CONTINENTAL FREE TRADE
AREA
NSONGURUA J. UDOMBANA*
Post-colonial Africa views economic integration as an endogenous
means for attaining self-reliant, sustainable development. Working under
various regional and sub-regional economic institutions, states elaborated
several norms in search of legitimacy in economic competence. However,
several political and economic pathogens, including weak institutions, have
blighted those efforts. This paper interrogates the African Continental Free
Trade Area (AfCFTA or CFTA), which is the latest attempt to reboot the
integration drive and achieve sustainable development. The CFTA seeks to
create a geographic zone where goods and services will move freely among
member states by removing trade distortions and boosting factor mobility,
competition, and investment. After a rigorous analysis of the relevant
normative instruments and examining the vertical and horizontal
relationship between the CFTA and regional economic communities
(RECs)/member states, the paper articulates some objective criteria for
measuring the CFTA's effectiveness. It concludes that, if faithfully
implemented, the CFTA could maximize utility and increase welfare. For the
analysis and conclusions, the paper deploys principles of public
international law as well as economic theories, with a blend ofpolitical and
moral philosophy.
Copyright C 2020 Nsongurua J. Udombana
* 2020: LL.M. (Lagos), LL.D. (UNISA); of the Nigerian Bar; Professor of Public International
Law, Babcock University, Nigeria; Pro-Chancellor, Ritman University, Nigeria (2015-2019). Nsongurua
Udombana writes and publishes globally on international law themes, with an Afrocentric outlook. His
works are accessible at SSRN Author page: <http://ssrn.com/author=1162030>; ResearchGate page:
<https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Nsongurua_Udombana>.  He  may  be  reached  at
<udombanan@babcock.edu.ng>, or <udombananggmail.com>. I express my gratitude to Konyinsola
Ajayi and Cheluchi Onyemelukwe for their comments on the initial draft of this paper. I also thank the
editors of the Duke Journal of Comparative and International Law for their serial interventions that made
this paper more readable than it otherwise would have been. Any remaining error is mine.

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