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4 De Novo: Newsl. L. Libr. La. 1 (2006)

handle is hein.journals/denov4 and id is 1 raw text is: 


Blame it On Bien ydle


Historic Preservation Law Experts to Speak March 21
                  Friends   of the  Library   Series  Offers  Free  CLE

Johnstown Flood of1889

Loutsana Adopts Unobnn
  Construction Code

Disaster Preparedness
  Ma terials

  USSupreme Court
  Records & Briefs

Storn Survivor:
  New Orleans Puhhc Library

After the Stonn: Barbar
  Blackwels Odser

  Law  Library of Louisiana


    Friday  and Saturday

  Telephone  (504) 310-2400
      Fax (504) 310-2499

   Toll free (Louisiana only)


        At your service:
 Carol Billings - Director
 Catherine Lemann -Associate Dir.
 Georga Chadwick- Librarian
 Miriam Childs - Librarian
 Marie Erickson - Librarian

 Gregory Duhe - Library Associate
 Ruth Mahoney - Library Associate
 Jason Kruppa- Library Associate

The  second  program  in our
Learning at the Law Library
series, Protecting New  Or-
leans Through Historic Preser-
vation  Law-A Light-Speed
Overview,  will be presented
on  Thursday, March   21, by
three of the  city's most re-
spected experts on the subject.
Both  members   of  the legal
community   and  the  general
public are invited to learn from
James  Derbes, James  Logan,
and  Lloyd  Sonny  Shields,
who  will speak at the library
from 5:00 to 6:30 p.m. Lloyd
Shields  will concentrate on
constitutional issues in historic
preservation law; James Logan
will review  federal statutory
matters; and James Derbes will

focus on New  Orleans and Lou-
isiana cases. A discussion and
question period will follow the
formal presentation, and refresh-
ments will be offered. Any Lou-
isiana attorney who holds mem-
bership in the Friends of  the
Law  Library will be able to re-
ceive 1.5 hours of Continuing
Legal Education  credit for at-
tending  the  MCLE-approved
course.   Friends dues  (basic
membership  only $25) may  be
paid during the registration pe-
riod beginning  at  4:30 p.m.
There is no charge for the public
or attorneys not seeking CLE

Ironically, the historic preserva-
tion topic was selected by the

board of the Friends of the
Library back  in pre-Katrina
times.   Messrs.   Derbes,
Logan,  and   Shields  were
scheduled to do their presen-
tation in late October. The
catastrophe experienced  by
the New   Orleans  area has
made  the subject one of even
greater significance to  all
residents as plans for renew-
ing the city are developed and
implemented.  Our  audience
will have an  opportunity to
ask  the speakers to reflect
upon earlier efforts by preser-
vationists who    overcame
threats to our the city's archi-
tectural heritage and to hear
their recommendations for the
future.                  8

Blame it on Bienville: Flood Control Needed from the Start

by Georgia Chadwick
In   1718  Jean-Baptiste  Le
Moyne Sieur de Bienville
picked the site for the settle-
ment  of New Orleans because
of its strategic location in a
bend in the Mississippi River,
not far from  Lake  Pontchar-
train. This location afforded
the  French   an   enormous
amount  of  control over  the
trade and goods shipped from
other locations along the river.
Bienville directed the engineer
De La  Tour to lay out the city
adjacent to the river. The land
by the river was a bit higher,
having been  built up by peri-
odic flooding, but the new city
was  surrounded on three sides
by swamps.  A flood inundated
the city while  it was under

construction, and Bienville con-
sidered leaving the site. De La
Tour directed a levee to be built
in front of the city to protect it
from the overflow of the river.
The  work  was  not completed
until 1727 when Governor  Per-
rier announced  that the com-
pleted levee was about a mile
long and 18 feet wide on top.

The levee helped to protect New
Orleans  from  river flooding,
though the city was also subject
at times to flooding by waters
from   Lake  Pontchartrain or
Lake  Borne or just from high
intensity rainfall. Ditches were
dug around each lot and square
and around sides of the city as
well to  help drain the water.
These ditches also served for the

disposal of human and house-
hold waste, and these unsani-
tary conditions gave rise to
typhoid fever, yellow fever,
cholera and other diseases.

New   Orleans survived  and
later began to prosper. Plan-
tations  were   established
along  the river above  and
below  the  city, and  each
property owner was responsi-
ble for levee construction and
maintenance   on  his  own
property.  This arrangement
served as Louisiana's flood
control policy until the mid-
dle of the nineteenth century.
levee districts, which had the
power  to  tax residents of
alluvial land for the purpose
         continued on page 2

                                                                Volume 4, Issue 1
                                                                      Spring  2006

          The Newsletter of
The Law Library of Louisiana

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