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49 Denv. J. Int'l L. & Pol'y 1 (2021)

handle is hein.journals/denilp49 and id is 1 raw text is: THE COVID-19 PANDEMIC IN A TIME OF DEGLOBALIZATION:
CHALLENGES AND PERSPECTIVES FOR GLOBAL GOVERNANCE AND
INTERNATIONAL COOPERATION
LILIANA LYRA JUBILUT* & ANGELA LIMONGI ALVARENGA ALVEST
INTRODUCTION
The COVID-19 pandemic can be seen as an epiphenomenon that created a mul-
tilayered global crisis. Initially treated as a sanitary issue, the pandemic has gained
political, economic, financial, social, cultural, environmental and legal dimensions
impacting diverse actions and governmental decisions worldwide. In light of these
characteristics, facing the COVID-19 pandemic inherently demands international
cooperation.
However, the current international scenario imposes challenges upon interna-
tional cooperation due to deglobalization, which is understood as an explanation of
the present stage of globalization, and which has highlighted flaws and gaps in the
cooperative architecture of the international scenario.
The global governance issues related to deglobalization in the fight against the
COVID-19 pandemic seem to concern the (i) legal nature of the World Health Or-
ganization (WHO) and of its norms, (ii) the growth of multipolarity, (iii) institutional
inertia, (iv) the complexity of problems, and (v) fragmentation. It is a varied array
of challenges that impose difficulties or obstacles upon effective international coop-
eration.
Cooperation is paramount in facing a global phenomenon such as the COVID-
19 pandemic, which demands concerted actions. In this sense, this article aims to aid
in understanding the challenges imposed by the COVID-19 pandemic, in light of
deglobalization, to both assist in is preparedness to better face them as well as to
look for new avenues to improve international cooperation and global governance.
* Liliana Lyra Jubilut has a PhD and a Masters' in International Law from Universidade de Sao Paulo and
an LLM in International Legal Studies from the New York University School of Law. She was a Visiting
Scholar at Columbia University and a Visiting Fellow at the University of London (Refugee Law Initia-
tive). She is a professor of the post-graduate program in Law of Universidade Cat6lica de Santos.
f Angela Limongi Alvarenga Alves has a PhD in State Law from Universidade de Sao Paulo. She was a
visiting researcher at Durham University under the supervision of David Held. She is undertaking a post-
doctorate at Universidade de Sao Paulo, where she is also a reader in the State Law Department.

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