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35 Dalhousie L.J. 55 (2012)
In Search of Compass and Gyroscope: Where were Adaptive Management and Principled Negotiation in Nova Scotia's Forest-Strategy Process

handle is hein.journals/dalholwj35 and id is 63 raw text is: Peter N. Duinker*         In Search of Compass and Gyroscope:
Where Were Adaptive Management and
Principled Negotiation in Nova Scotia's
Forest-Strategy Process?
In his landmark 1993 book entitled Compass and Gyroscope: Integrating Science
and Politics for the Environment, Kai Lee outlined the need for stronger processes
in support of sustainable development. The science of adaptive management
and the politics of principled negotiation were offered as the most promising
approaches. The author uses these concepts to evaluate the process used to
develop Nova Scotia's natural resources strategies of August 2011, specifically
the forest strategy following the Environmental Goals and Sustainable Prosperity
Act. The findings show that, by comparison with similar policy-development
processes used elsewhere in Canada, the Nova Scotia process lacked both
foresight (drawing on adaptive management) and stakeholder consensus
(drawing on principled negotiation). The author advocates for stronger analytical
and political strategic processes in future policy development in the province.
Dans son important ouvrage de 1993 intituld < Compass and Gyroscope:
Integrating Science and Politics for the Environment - (Boussole et gyroscope:
intdgrer la science et la politique pour Ienvironnement), Kai Lee affirme qu'il est
n6cessaire de mettre en place un processus solide A l'appui du d6veloppement
durable. // avance que la science de la gestion adaptative et la politique des
ndgociations axdes sur la collaboration sont les mdthodes les plus prometteuses.
L'auteur se fonde sur ces concepts pour 6valuer le processus utilis6 dans
l'6laboration des strat6gies de la Nouvelle-Ecosse en matibre de ressources
naturelles adopties en ao0t 2011, plus pr6cis6ment la strat6gie concernant les
for6ts en vertu de la Environmental Goals and Sustainable Prosperity Act (loi
sur les objectifs environnementaux et la prosp6rit6 durable). Les conclusions
montrent que, comparativement & divers processus d'6laboration de politiques
utilisds ailleurs au Canada, le processus suivi en Nouvelle-8cosse p~chait contre
le principe de precaution (gestion adaptative) et sur le plan du consensus
entre les parties prenantes (ndgociations ax6es sur la collaboration). Lauteur
pr6conise qu'. l'avenir, la province utilise des processus strat6giques analytiques
et politiques plus forts pour 6/aborer ses politiques.
*   Professor, School for Resource and Environmental Studies, Dalhousie University. In the interest
of full disclosure, I, the author, have been a forest-policy scholar for some twenty-five years, almost
all of that time as a professor. I designed and led the process to develop a comprehensive forest-
policy framework in Ontario in the early 1990s (described below), and have designed and led several
processes for forest decision-making since that time. During my past fourteen years in Nova Scotia,
I have chaired the Voluntary Planning Forest and Natural Resources Sector committees, the Forest
Technical Advisory Committee to the Minister of Natural Resources, and the Nova Forest Alliance. I
helped facilitate the Colin Stewart Forest Forum, and was consulted by the Phase I Voluntary Planning
group charged with the first public consultations associated with strategy development.

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