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3 Cybaris Intell. Prop. L. Rev. 1 (2012)

handle is hein.journals/cybaris3 and id is 1 raw text is: 











                    USEFULNESS VARIES BY COUNTRY:
     THE UTILITY REQUIREMENT OF PATENT LAW IN THE UNITED
                     STATES, EUROPE AND CANADA*


            Jay A. Erstling,t Amy M. Salmela,l and Justin N. Woott

I.  INTRODUCTION   .............................................................................................. 2

II. AN OVERVIEW OF UTILITY IN THE UNITED STATES, EUROPE & CANADA ........ 5

    A .  U nited States .......................................................................................   5

    B .  E urop e ................................................................................................  10

    C .  C anada ................................................................................................  13

III. TREATIES AND OTHER INTERNATIONAL AGREEMENTS ................................ 19

    A .  Paris Convention . ..............................................................................  19

    B .  P C T. ...................................................................................................  20

    C .  P L T ....................................................................................................  23

    D.   TRIPS  and NAFTA  ............................................................................  24

IV. AN INTERJURISDICTIONAL CASE STUDY ..................................................... 25

V. PRACTICAL IMPLICATIONS OF CANADA'S DOCTRINE OF SOUND
PREDICTION  ........................................................................................................  28





   * Patterson Thuente Christensen Pedersen, P.A.     (Patterson) represents clients in the
pharmaceutical industry, including Eli Lilly & Co., which requested that the firm undertake an
independent study of patentable utility requirements. This article is a result of that study.
   T Jay Erstling is a Professor of Law at William Mitchell College of Law and Of Counsel at
Patterson, and is a former Director of the Office of the Patent Cooperation Treaty (PCT) and
Director-Advisor to the Director-General of the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO).
   I Amy Salmela is a partner with Patterson.
   TT Justin Woo is an associate with Patterson.

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