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18 CUNY L. Rev. Footnote Forum 1 (2014-2015)

handle is hein.journals/cunyform18 and id is 1 raw text is: 

              CUNY Law Review Footnote Forum
                          December 22, 2014

Recommended citation:
Nishan Bhaumik, VAWA @0 20: Introduction, 18 CUNY L. REV. F. 1 (2014),
http://www.cunylawreview.org/vawa-20-introduction/ [https://perma.cc/T437-ZHSD].

                 VAWA @ 20: INTRODUCTION

                          Nishan Bhaumik

       In 1994, Congress passed the most comprehensive response to what
Congress had identified as a disturbing trend of violence against women.
The Violence Against Women Act (VAWA) of 1994 was a result of
decades of hard-fought, strategic advocacy highlighting the legal and public
neglect of violence against women, both inside and outside of the private
       In 2014, on the 20th anniversary of VAWA, CUNY School of Law
reflects upon the progress of VAWA. Our VAWA@20 Symposium first
examines VAWA's past political struggles and legal battles and then
considers its future role in eliminating gender-based violence. Footnote
Forum collaborated with the VAWA@20 Symposium to present a
collection of cutting-edge analyses by scholars and practitioners on
VAWA's role in eliminating gender-based violence.

       Until the 1960s, violence within the home was generally considered
a private matter-it was not the role of society or law enforcement to
interfere in the management of the home. In the 1960s, citizens began
discreetly organizing in their local communities to provide battered women
and their children shelter, often in private homes. These underground
community networks provided safety and security to battered women where
state action failed. Beginning in the 1970s, this battered women's
movement and similar women's rights initiatives began to gain momentum
in shifting the discussion-wife abuse was no longer a private family affair,
it was a violent crime that affects entire communities.
       By 1984, this societal shift led Congress to pass the Family Violence
Prevention and Services Act (FVPSA), the first federal law to address
domestic violence. Originally, FVPSA included both social service and law

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