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15 Criminology & Pub. Pol'y 243 (2016)
Expanding the Scope of Evidence-Based Policing

handle is hein.journals/crpp15 and id is 245 raw text is: 

                         POLICY ESSAY

   MICRO-ECOLOGY                        OF     DEADLY            FORCE

Expanding the Scope of Evidence-Based


Cody W. Telep
Arizona State University

In Race, Crime and the Micro-Ecology of Deadly Force, Klinger, Rosenfeld, Isom, and
Deckard (2016, this issue) argue for the creation of a national database on police shootings
that would ideally allow for the development of a truly evidence-based approach ... to
how police agencies train and guide their officers in the critical area of the use of deadly
force. This analysis of deadly force incidents in St. Louis, Missouri, is timely, and as Klinger
et al. allude to, it is surprising and concerning that there is scant prior research that has
examined the geographic context of police use of deadly force.
    Scholars should take seriously this call for evidence-based policies and training on police
use of deadly force. These areas have not traditionally fallen in the scope of the evidence-
based movement. With some exceptions, the use of the term evidence-based policing to
date has referred to using rigorous empirical evidence on the crime-control effectiveness
of the police to influence policy and practice. There is no doubt that this focus on crime
control has had important impacts, but it is also clear that crime control alone cannot be
viewed as the only outcome of interest for policing evaluation research.
    My main argument here is that the field should think more broadly about evidence-
based policing moving forward. Policing practice encompasses a range of outputs and
outcomes, many of which are not captured with a focus largely on calls for service and
incident reports. As Klinger et al. (2016) point out, President Obama created The President's
Task Force on 21st Century Policing in late 2014 because of a series of high-profile events
raising concerns about police use of force and police-community relations. Although the
Task Force's (2015) final report discussed the importance of crime control, crime reduction
is just one part of one of the six pillars of the report, and it is discussed largely in conjunction
with community policing, a strategy that would not likely be categorized by most policing
scholars as evidence based for reducing crime (Gill, Weisburd, Telep, Bennett, and Telep,

Direct correspondence to Cody W. Telep, School of Criminology and Criminal Justice, Arizona State University,
411 N. Central Ave., Suite 600, Phoenix, AZ 85004 (e-mail: cody.telep@asu.edu).

DOI: 10.1111/1745-9133.12188            © 2016 American Society of Criminology 243
                                  Criminology & Public Policy - Volume 15 - Issue 1

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