5 Crim. Just. & Behavior 3 (1978)

handle is hein.journals/crmjusbhv5 and id is 1 raw text is: 




THE TRANSCENDENTAL

MEDITATION® PROGRAM AND

REHABILITATION AT

FOLSOM STATE PRISON


A Cross-Validation Study





ALLAN I. ABRAMS
Far West Laboratory

LARRY M. SIEGEL
Institute for Social Rehabilitation



The effects of the Transcendental Meditation program in a maximum security prison
were studied via cross-validation design. Each of two experiments involved the pre- and
postmeasurement of a treatment and a control group with a 14-week treatment
interval. All subjects were administered the Eysenck Personality Inventory, the State-
Trait Anxiety Inventory, the Buss-Durkee Hostility Inventory, and a survey of sleep
patterns and smoking habits. Parallel significant differences between the Transcendental
Meditation and control groups across all the inventories were found via MANCOVAs,
indicating reduction in anxiety, neuroticism, hostility, and insomnia as a function of
the treatment.



A large component of the criminality problem in the United
     States is the result of recidivism. A recent estimate of the
recidivism rate was 57% (U.S. Department of Justice, 1975). This

Authors' Note: Transcendental Meditation® and TM® are service
marks of World Plan Executive Council - United States, a nonprofit,
educational organization. The development and      implementation
of the program was only possible through the combined efforts of
CRIMINAL JUSTICE AND BEHAVIOR, Vol. 5 No. 1, March 1978
© 1978 American Association of Correctional Psychologists

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