43 Crim. Just. & Behavior 5 (2016)

handle is hein.journals/crmjusbhv43 and id is 1 raw text is: 





PROCEDURAL JUSTICE AND LEGITIMACY
ACROSS THE CRIMINAL JUSTICE SYSTEM



Introduction to the Special Issue


KRISTY  HOLTFRETER
Arizona State University



S   cholars interested in procedural justice and legitimacy have long recognized that both
    the process by which social control is meted out and the quality of interactions that take
place during the administration of justice play critical roles in inducing compliance and
shaping perceptions of the criminal justice system. Due at least in part to a constant news
cycle, increasing advances in technology (e.g., smart phones with high-quality video capac-
ity), and the salience of social media in everyday life, encounters that were once largely
private and undocumented  are now regularly recorded and promptly made public. Indeed,
although the majority of contacts with the police and other agents of social control may in
fact be resolved in a fair and just manner, the spotlight continues to shine on those at the
other end of the continuum; that is, interactions involving unnecessary and often, sadly,
lethal use of force against citizens. It is perhaps no surprise that the legitimacy of the crimi-
nal justice system has come under  increased scrutiny. Scholarship that addresses these
issues is therefore critical not just for theory and research, but for generating evidence-
based policy and practice that ensures fair and just treatment.
   Such concerns are at the forefront of the Experience With the Police section of this spe-
cial issue. For example, Lee Slocum, Stephanie Wiley, and Finn-Aage Esbensen use four
waves of data to explore the multiple ways in which being stopped by the police or arrested
act in concert with procedural justice to influence subsequent delinquency. Similarly, Kyle
McLean  and Scott Wolfe rely on a longitudinal research design to examine the links between
procedural injustice perceptions, techniques of neutralization, and offending behavior. Given
the salience of early interactions on subsequent perceptions and later experiences with the
criminal justice system, the importance of focusing on youthful offenders-as both of these
studies do-cannot be understated.
   In the Courts and Corrections section of this special issue, the authors consider the
importance of procedural justice for offenders' experiences both within and beyond the
system.  Kimberly  Kaiser  and Kristy  Holtfreter examine  these issues theoretically,



AUTHOR'S  NOTE:  Correspondence concerning this article should be addressed to Kristy Holtfreter School
of Criminology and Criminal Justice, Arizona State University, 411 N. Central Ave., Ste. 600, Phoenix, AZ
85004, USA; e-mail: kholtfreter@gmail.com.
CRIMINAL JUSTICE AND BEHAVIOR, 2016, Vol. 43, No. 1, January 2016, 5-6.
DOI: 10.1177/0093854815609068
 2015 International Association for Correctional and Forensic Psychology

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