28 Crim. Just. & Behavior 3 (2001)

handle is hein.journals/crmjusbhv28 and id is 1 raw text is: 




DIFFERENTIAL SUPPORT FOR

POLICE USE OF FORCE, THE

DEATH PENALTY, AND PERCEIVED

HARSHNESS OF THE COURTS


Effects of Race, Gender, and Region




SHAHEEN HALIM
Texas A&M University
BEVERLY L. STILES
Midwestern State University


Logistic regression models were estimated using the 1994 General Social Survey to examine
effects of race, gender, and geographical region on support for various criminal justice policies.
Dependent variables included support for capital punishment, perceived harshness of courts, and
support for police use of force under five conditions of escalating severity. African Americans
were less likely to support capital punishment and police use of force than their counterparts.
These results were enhanced when re-estimated using only the southern sample. Thus, regional
prejudices affect minorities' perceptions of bias in criminal justice policy and practices. How-
ever, although African Americans were less likely to endorse police use of force in general, we
found situationally specific instances in which African Americans did endorse police use of
force.





T here are   two  distinct approaches to law and deviance, which oper-
     ate under the basis of distinct a priori assumptions with regard to
the origin of laws and norms. Consensus-oriented  approaches   (such as


AUTHORS' NOTE: At the   time this research was conducted, Shaheen Halim was a
graduate student in the Department ofSociology at Texas A&M University. Beverly L.
Stiles, Ph.D. is an assistant professor in the Department of Sociology at Midwestern
State University. The authors would like to thank Paul Short of Texas A&M Univer-
sity's Department of Psychology for his assistance in preparation of this article.
Direct correspondence to Shaheen Halim, 5269 Bmokway, Columbia, MD 21044.
CRIMINAL JUSTICE AND BEHAVIOR, Vol. 28 No. 1, February 2001 3-23
@ 2001 American Association for Correctional Psychology
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from the SAGE Social Science Collections. All Rights Reserved.

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