2 Crim. Just. & Behavior 3 (1975)

handle is hein.journals/crmjusbhv2 and id is 1 raw text is: 


  Laboratory of Psychology
  National Institute of Mental Health

  Evidence is brought together to indicate that much criminality can be traced to
  environmental factors, but findings from family studies, twin studies, and adoption
  studies indicate that hereditary factors are also implicated in criminality. It is not a
  single genotype that provides the thrust toward crime, but a variety of phenotypical
  characteristics that are heritable in more or lesser degree. Such findings shall lead us
  to rethink our legal responsibility regarding criminals, their proper classification and
  treatment, and their responsibility to their victims.

What makes a person a criminal is not what the person does,-
but what the law says he must not do. Of course, the law
  specifies many things that citizens must not do, and these things
  vary from state to state and from country to country. This is
  known to everyone, and the point is raised here only because
  the present concern is focused on genetic factors that may play
  a role in criminality. A person driving when drunk may
  unintentionally run over someone; a desperately hungry man
  may hold up a grocery to get food or money to feed himself
  and his family; a woman, in extreme exasperation regarding a

  Author's Note: The opinions expressed herein are those of the author and
  do not necessarily express the position of the National Institute of Mental

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