17 Crim. Just. & Behavior 3 (1990)

handle is hein.journals/crmjusbhv17 and id is 1 raw text is: 


   Traditionally, penologists consider the four functions of incarcera-
tion to be: deterrence, incapacitation, retribution, and rehabilitation.
Whether prison accomplishes deterrence has been debated: It seems
to work on morally developed people who do not need prison but does
not seem to scare or deter career criminals. Incapacitation is accom-
plished only insofar as offenses can be restricted to others in the inmate
population or to staff. Certainly some measure of retribution is meted
out, but at a cost of $25,000 a year per prisoner, the cost of retribution
may be more punishing to the general public than to prisoners.
   Rehabilitation has been the most controversial of the four functions.
The past 15 years have been rife with debate about whether rehabili-
tation has failed, whether the resources have ever been allocated for
rehabilitation, or whether resource allocation of such magnitude is
even possible. Throughout these discourses, Paul Gendreau has sifted
through the philosophical and empirical morass to provide some
guideposts in the debates. Thus, when I considered the correctional
lore that between 97 and more than 99% of all prisoners are eventually
released, I realized that it is just a matter of what shape the releasee is
in when he or she reenters society. Thus rehabilitation is a correctional
imperative. Given these notions, it is time for our journal to devote an
entire issue to the questions involved in rehabilitation.
   Paul Gendreau naturally came to mind as the person to serve as
editor of this special issue. He consented to develop the issue - despite
his job relocation, role in the Canadian Psychological Association, and
writing schedule, all of which sorely tax his time, and despite his
winning consistently on the Maine-Nova Scotia Amateur Golf circuit,
which sorely taxes his emotions. Thus I am grateful to Dr. Gendreau
and to the contributors who make what you are about to read, indeed,
a special issue.

                                           -Alen K. Hess, Editor


from the SAGE Social Science Collections. All Rights Reserved.

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