4 Critical Soc. Pol'y 4 (1984)

handle is hein.journals/critsplcy4 and id is 1 raw text is: 





Notes on this issue

Issue 10 marks the beginning of the fourth year of publication of CSP. In the
past three years we have published a range of material both by academics and
practitioners, concerning questions of theory and practice. In this issue we
again span a range of approaches and topics.
  The first article, by Len Doyal and Ian Gough, A Theory ofHuman Needs,
intervenes in welfare debates at two levels. It makes a significant contribution
to debates about human need, offering an anti-relativist interpretation of the
basic individual and social pre-requisites for human action, and also, points
the direction in which such a theory can be applied to the study of welfare
provision. This article may provoke a new  discussion of the concept of
human  need, its theorisation and its application.
  Some   similar questions are addressed in the third article in this issue,
Mobilisation without Emancipation, by Maxine  Molyneux.  A very specific
context, the Nicaraguan Revolution and its relation to women is examined by
developing a conceptual distinction between women's interests and gender
interests. The difficulties encountered in a definition of 'interests' are similar
to those in a definition of need, and, in this respect, both articles can usefully
be read together. The issues raised by the article are those of assessing par-
ticular social developments in their relation to women's emancipation, and
the general relationship between socialism and feminism.
  Standing between these two articles is, Community Policing: towards the
local police state, by Paul Gordon. The author provides a useful resume of
developments in community  policing from the 1950s to the present day, with
its recent emphasis on multi-agency policing. The author argues that we have
witnessed the increasing disciplining of society by the state and that commun-
ity policing represents not a soft alternative to 'hard', 'fire-brigade' policing,
but a complement  to it.
  Struggles in the welfare state, starts with a theme on health in Nicaragua.
The situation described in the introduction makes useful background reading
to Maxine Molyneux's article mentioned earlier. The appalling health condi-
tions inherited by the Sandinistas from the Samoza regime is documented and
a  brief outline of  the  National  Strategy for  Health, subsequently
implemented  by the Sandinistas, is given. The major part of the theme is an
interview by Margaret Hooks, initially published in MIND, with two doctors
from  the mental health team made  up of Argentinians, Mexicans, and a
Chilean now working  in Nicaragua. Until recently, little or no attention has
been paid to mental health, but this team of unpaid workers has started to
develop and guide primary prevention, initially with an investigation into the
physical and mental health of 20,000 schoolchildreri.
  The  second article in the struggles section deals with the experiences of
Medway   Health Authority in contracting out its ancillary services. It docu-
ments the reduction in services, the insecurity of employment for workers
and the disastrous long-term effects upon the health of the community.
  In the Commentary  on social policy section commentary one is an assess-
ment of the Government  proposals to scrap the GLC and the Metropolitan
County  Councils, along with the effects of the proposed legislation on rate-


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