8 Correction 1 (1938)

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PUBLISHED BY THE NEW YORK STATE DEPARTMENT OF CORRECTION

OSSINING, N. Y.  JANUARY, 1938

ALL RIGHT THIS MORNING
ov. 8th 1836.
All right this morning.
Mr. Arnott Reports the punishment of Youngs with
the cat 3 stripes & I Wright 2 for making bad work cooper
shop.
The foregoing is the first entry in a worn, leather-
covered book, found recently by Warden Joseph H.
Brophy tucked away in the old administration building
at Auburn Prison. Labeled Punishment Record, its
600 pages contain a cryptic account of ten years of
stripes, showers, stocks and dungeons.
The last entry, written March 19, 1846, reads:
J. M. Chaldon punished Charles Conlon four blows with
the cat for refusing to take his seat as directed by his officer
to do so.
In January of that year a convict, Charles S.
Plumb, died, soon after he had been flogged by an
officer. He had been punished several times during
the period of imprisonment which began in 1843 and
the punishments are recorded in the old book. The As-
sembly by resolution called upon the inspectors of the
prison for all the facts connected with Plumb's
death. The prison physician gave it as his opinion that
Plumb died of bilious remitting fever and that the
flagellation which he received had no positive and di-
rect agency in causing his death. The keeper who ad-
ministered the blows, describing punishment adminis-
tered on the 19th and 20th of January, in an affidavit
said:
I did not count the blows, but I think I struck him thirty
blows, or thereabouts, in all that day. There might have been
more, but I do not think the number much exceeded thirty. I
lost the count during the scuffles, and told the keeper so, who
said I must report as near the number as I could. After he was
punished I sent for some brine and had him washed and dress-
ed, and went with him to his seat. * * * The cat with which
I punished him was an old cat; there were 6 strands in It
originally, but during the punishment on the 19th, one of the
strands came out, and after that there were but five. I re-
ported the number of blows the 2d day at 12.
The foregoing is from a legislative record of that
year. The entries in the old book are dated January
20th and 21st:
Jany 20, 1846
1. W. Carey punished Chas. Plumb thirty blows with the
cat in presence of the keeper for breaking windows & destroy-
(Continued on Page 10)

WOULD EXTEND CIVIL SERVICE
CITING the escape of prisoners from county jails
and penitentiaries due to laxity and inefficiency,
Governor Herbert H. Lehman in his message to the
Legislature recommends that the standards of the
State Civil Service be extended to the eiaployees of
such institutions.
The Governor also recommends that the guards
and keepers of county jails and penitentiaries be train-
ed at the State Central Guard School recently estab-
lished at Wallkill, by the State Department of Cor-
rection.
Under the caption Law Enforcement, the Gov-
ernor in his message says:
We have made remarkable progress in this State in our
fight against crime. We have adopted many of the proposals
emanating from the Conference on Crime, the Criminal and
Society. There are, however, some recommendations which
I wish to submit for your earnest consideration.
A State Bureau of Crime Prevention should be set up.
We should have a State Department of Justice modeled upon
that of the Federal Government. We need the adoption of a
system for recruit and 'in-service' training for police and the
optional consolidation of local police units within a county.
On several occasions, due to laxity and inefficiency, pris-
oners have been permitted to escape by county authorities.
This situation requires drastic action. We should extend to
the employees of county prisons the standards of the State
Civil Service. In addition, I propose that the guards and
keepers of county jails and penitentiaries be trained at the
State Central Guard School recently established at Wallkill.
During the past year we have had a revealing experience
in the handicaps under which law enforcement has to be car-
ried on. In one of our counties especially, dog racing was
conducted throughout the summer and fall. We invoked all
possible legal means to stop it. Yet to our sorrow, we found
that our statute law was not adequate to make our efforts
successful. I would strongly recommend, therefore, that at
this session the Legislature, without fail, amend the penal
law to clarify beyond a peradventure of a doubt that the sale
of options, or any other similar devices, at dog, races, shall
be definitely prohibited.
Futhermore, I urge that we provide that the people of
the State shall have the right in a criminal proceeding to ap-
peal a court decision which the State feels is in conflict with
the law as intended by the Legislature.
Last year we enacted a permissive women jurors law.
I still believe that the system should be mandatory. There is
no reason why women jurors should not be placed on an exact
parity with men. To do so would make for a better administra-
(Continued on Page. 3)

VOLUME 8

NUMBER 1

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