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13 Correction 1 (1948)

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Volume XIII

Albany, N. Y.   January, 1948

Number I

Close to one hundred Correction Department and Parole
Division officials participated in the second In-Service Con-
ference of the State Department of Correction at the Elmira
Reformatory from October 28 to 30.
The purpose of the conference was to review and further
coordinate all services in the Department so as to improve
prospects of the inmates returning to civilian life. Special
emphasis was placed on coordination of the Department of
Correction with the Division of Parole in order to give the
latter a.cclearer background of parolees under their juris-
In particular the conference studied and discussed the
workings of the two-year-old Reception Center and the op-
erational procedures of Service Units in state correctional
The first In-Service Conference of the Department of
Correction was held last year at Wallkill Prison, and this
year's meeting was high-lighted by the addition of staff
members of the Division of Parole.
The first day of the conference was devoted to obser-
vation of the programs of the Reception Center and Refor-
matory. Following a guided tour of the Reception Center, the
conferees sat in on an actual meeting of the Classification
Board to witness how they decide the institutions to which
the young offender shall be sent, what tentative parole rec-
ommendations are to be made, and what specific recommen-
dations are to be offered concerning his educational and
rehabilitory program. The Classification Board has as its
chairman the Director and assistant Director of the Center,
and is composed of the physician; psychiatrist; psychologist,
supervisors of general, vocational and physical education;
the chief clerk; institutional chaplains; a representative of
the custodial force; and a parole officer.
In the afternoon the visitors were taken through Elmira
Reformatory for observation of its educational facilities and
programs. The inspection was brought to a close by a
military dress parade of the inmates.
To give a 'general picture of the type of inmate with
which the Reception Center is dealing, Chauncey Martin,
Senior Psychologist, prepared for the conference an analysis
of the mental ability and educational levels of the first 2500
consecutive admissions to the Reception Center. His report
showed that 25 per cent fall within the classification of
borderline or defective, 25 per cent are dull, and the remain-
(Continued on Page 15)

Taking as its theme Community Responsibility for
Crime, the seventy-seventh annual Congress of Correction,
sponsored by the American Prison Association, was held
at Long Beach, California, from September 12 to 16.
In attendance were almost one thousand leaders in the
fields of correction, parole, probation, criminal law and crime
prevention to discuss the theme from all their various view-
points. The Congress was particularly successful in arriv-
ing at definite conclusions concerning the integration of pro-
bation, institutional and parole programs.
The New York State Department of Correction was rep-
resented at the Congress by Dr. Walter M. Wallack, Warden
of Wallkill Prison; Price Chenault, Director of Education;
Rev. George F. McKinney, Catholic chaplain at Wallkill Pris-
on; and Rev. Herbert E. Erway, Protestant Chaplain at El-
mira Reformatory.
Delegates at the Congress were especially interested in
hearing about the work of the Department's two-year-old
Reception Center, and the development of Service Units in
the New York correctional institutions. It was the consensus
of opinion that a Reception Center will eventually be an
in egral part of any large state penal system.  Three states
have already taken definite steps toward the establishment
of such a center for classification and diagnosis.
Rev. Erway, a member of the Board of Directors of the
National Chaplains' Association, presided at all the meetings
of the Association in the absence of the president, Rev.
Anthony L. Glasser of the Penitentiary of the City of New
York. In line with the general -theme of the Congress, Mr.
Erway addressed the Chaplain's Association on The Public's
Responsibilty for the Prevention and Control of Crime and
Dr. Wallack, who was a member of the Committee
on Education of the American Prison Association, spoke on
Vocational Training and Industries before a gathering
of the Committee on employment of prisoners, the Penal
Industries Association and the Wardens' Association.
At a general session sponsored jointly by the American
Parole Association, Correctional Educational Association and
National Probation Association, Mr. Chenault, president of
the Correctional Education Association, discussed Treatment
Techniques in Correctional Institutions.
The question is not where civilization began, but when
will it.


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